European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 160 No 1
August, 2021

Medicinal Plants Sold in Markets inside Korhogo Town (Ivory Coast)
Soro Dramane, Orsot Bosson Arobia Marie Bernadine, Sanago Yacouba, Ebboua Amena Larissa and Diarrassouba Nafan
This study is contribution to knowledge of medicinal plants used in traditional herbal medicine by local population of Korhogo. For this purpose, an ethnobotanical survey was conducted among herbalists in seven (7) markets. The survey identified 91 medicinal plants species from 78 genera and 36 families. The most species cited are Alchornea cordifolia (Schumach). & Tuna.) Muller (Euphorbiaceae), Anogeissus leiocarpus (DC) Guill. & Perr (Combretaceae), Sarcocephalus latifolius (Smith) Bruce (Rubiaceae), Bambusa vulgaris Striata (Poaceae) and Khaya senegalensis (Desr.) A. Juss (Meliaceae). The most commonly represented biological types were microphanerophytes with 50.5% and nanophanerophytes with 18.7%. The Guinean-Congolese and Soudano-Zambezi species with a rate of 38.5% were dominant in phytogeographical types. Leaves constitute the most used part of plant with 58.2%. Decoction represents the most used form with 81.3 %. Drinks are the most popular at 70.8%. Malaria is the leading disease with 21.3 %. These results could be a source of information for scientific research in the field of phytochemistry and pharmacology.
Keywords: Ethnobotany, Medicinal plants, North, Ivory Coast.

Factors that Influence a Container Terminal Competitiveness from the Shipping Lines’ Perspective: A Case of Conakry Container Terminal
Mamadou Lamine Diallo, Anthony Vaz and Seyed Mohammadreza Ghadiri
While the world witnesses more development, nearness to raw materials and markets turned out to be the factors that, stood above all others, illustrate the world’s economy. Ports have become a dynamic connection in the general trading shackle and, thus, port proficiency contributes to a large scale to a country's regional and international competitiveness. Seaports are imperative to national economies, just like more economies depend to a great extent on international trade. The objectives of this paper are: (i) identify the factors that enhance the competitiveness of the Conakry container terminal (ii) measure the level of influence that a factor can impact on the overall competitiveness of the Conakry container terminal (iii) Restructure the terminal competitiveness playground to attain a step ahead of their direct competitors in the region (iv) Establish strong and viable relationships between the terminal operator and the shipping lines (v) Develop a practical and systematic competitiveness framework for operational and managerial enhancement at Conakry container terminal. Hence, this paper aims to review literature for the past studies in the shipping industry and will further employ a cluster sampling method within the Conakry region and Multiple Regression Analysis as a data analysis method to allow an evaluation of whether there is an interaction between different stages of the independent variables. The results at the final stage of this study will be undoubtedly important for the port authority and the terminal operator in the sense that they will allow them to incessantly evaluate their performance compared to the rest of the world so that a fitting business approach can be adopted.
Keywords: Container Terminal Competitiveness, Port Efficiency, Maritime Logistics, Shipping Lines, Multiple Regression Analysis.

Analysis of Monthly Micronutrient Loss in Fallows of Different Ages in Southern Nigeria
Abua, M. A., Abayam, V. A., Iwara, A. I., Abutunghe, M. A., Ayiri, B. A., Michael, I. F and Akiang, J. U.
The study examined monthly loss of micronutrient in 10-year old, 5-year old and 3-year old fallows and abandoned farmland in a part of the rainforest zone in southern Nigeria. Measurements of 54 rainfall producing sediment were carried out from March to November in 2012 rainy season. The results indicated that the months of July, August and September recorded high micronutrient losses with July experiencing the highest micronutrients losses followed by August. High micronutrient losses on the 10-year old fallow plot occurred in August; July on the 5-year, 3-year fallow and abandoned farmland. The amount of micronutrient losses varied significantly among the plots (p<0.05). The 5-year old fallow experienced the highest nutrient losses, followed by the abandoned farmland, while the 10-year fallow experienced the lowest losses. High micronutrient on the 5-year old fallow was attributed to previous land use history of unintended bush fire which resulted in the burning of herbaceous species. The result showed that substantial quantity of micronutrient loss occurred on fallows with decreasing vegetal and herbaceous cover.
Keywords: Fallow vegetation, Micronutrient loss, Monthly losses, Agoi-Ekpo.

Spatial Pattern of Tourism Recreational Support Services: As a Catalyst for Government Revenue Base in Uyo, Nigeria
Chibuzo, Christiana Unwadede., Emeka, Josephat, O., Ochiche, C. Abua., Ambe, Benjamin A. and Eja, Eja Iwara
This work is anchored on spatial pattern of tourism recreational support services as a catalyst for government base in Uyo. A total of forty nine tourism recreational support services were mapped out to identify their spatial pattern. The Global Positioning System (GPS) was used to map out the spatial pattern of the tourism recreational support services. Two hundred and forty five copies were distributed to operators of the tourism recreational support services. The findings shows that the recreational support services were highly clustered along major roads with only few spatially located in the city center. It was also discovered that land acquisition, double taxation and insecurity were the major challenges associated with the spatial pattern of tourism recreational support services in the study area, hence adequate measures must be put in place to ameliorate these challenges.
Keywords: Revenue, Recreation Support Services, Spatial Pattern. .

Analyse de la Dynamique Spatio-Temporelle de L’occupation du sol et Risque de Déforestation de L’aire Protégée de Yaya, Sud-Est de la Côte d’Ivoire
Komena Bony Yahot Castel, Kouadio Yao Lambert, Douffi Kouakou Guy-Casimir and Koné Moussa
Plusieurs hectares de forêts disparaissent chaque année en Côte d’Ivoire sous la pression agricole. L’aire protégée de Yaya, au Sud-est de la Côte d’Ivoire, n’est pas épargnée. Cette étude vise à caractériser l’occupation du sol entre 1986 et 2018 (32 ans) et déterminer la dynamique spatio-temporelle. Les images Landsat de 1986, 2000 et 2018 ont été utilisées. La cartographie par le réseau neural sur les premières composantes de l’Analyse en Composantes Principales, exécutée dans ENVI a permis de caractériser l’occupation du sol. La dynamique transitionnelle a été effectuée à l’aide de l’extension MOLUSCE de QGIS et Land Change Modeler de IDRISI. L’étude diachronique révèle une importante réduction des forêts denses, passant de 22412,52 ha (93,80%) à 16068,96 ha (67,25%) entre 1986 et 2018. Par ailleurs, on observe une augmentation de la superficie des forêts dégradées / des rentes et des jachères / cultures. Aussi, le taux d’évolution annuelle des forêts denses (-1,04) montre une régression. L’indice de protection (Ip) connait une baisse passant de 0,52 à-0,32 sur 32 ans et révèle une vulnérabilité face à la pression anthropique. Nous recommandons aux décideurs de prendre des mesures de sécurisation et de prévention des risques de dégradation pour une gestion durable des massifs forestiers.
Mots-Clefs: Télédétection, Dynamique, déforestation, Aire protégée de Yaya, Côte d’Ivoire.

Classroom Variables and Attitude to Learning Basic Technology Among Secondary School Students: Application of Discriminant Analysis
Henrietta Osayi Uchegbue, Edet S. Thomas, Otu Benard Diwa, Melvina N. Amalu and Oyo-Ita M. E.
This study examined the effects of classroom variables such as class size, classroom settings, classroom management skills, classroom lightings, proper thermal conditions, student-student interaction, and teacher-student interaction on students with positive and those with negative attitude to learning outcomes in Basic Technology among Secondary school Students in Cross River State. The ex-post facto design was adopted and a sample of 1176 junior secondary school students were drawn through multi-stage sampling technique for data collection. One research question was posed and one hypothesis was formulated to direct the study. Data collection was done, using a questionnaire and an achievement test. The hypothesis was tested at 0.05 degree of significance using the discriminant analysis. The result revealed that there is significant difference in all the classroom variables. Therefore it is recommended that government should invest more on educational system especially on provision of classroom infrastructures to boost student’s interest in order to promote an ideal classroom for better learning outcomes.
Keywords: Classroom settings, classroom management skills, classroom lightings, proper thermal condition, student-student interaction, teacher-students interaction.