European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 155 No 3
February, 2020

Estimation & Cartography the Water Erosion by Integration of the Gavrilovic "Epm" Model using a Gis in the Mediterranean Watershed: Oued Tleta (Western Rif, Morocco)
Aman Allah Zahnoun and Jamal Al Karkouri
The watershed of the Oued Tleta (178 km²), situated in the north of Morocco, on the Mediterranean side of the Western Rif, is characterized by a subhumid bioclimate and heavy (700 mm) and irregular rains and heavy anthropogenic pressure. This has had the impact of surexploitation of natural resources in general, and soils in particular. Excessive use of agricultural land has led to its fragility and exacerbated its susceptibility to erosion. These natural and anthropogenic conditions have induced a rather intense erosive dynamic which is visible by various forms, sheet erosion stripping, gully erosion and landslides. This erosive dynamic leads progressively and inevitably to impoverish the soils of the catchment area and to the siltation of the Ibn Batouta dam located downstream of the Oued Tleta, hence the interest of this study. The application of the "EPM" model for estimating soil losses makes it possible to approximate the severity of the erosive phenomenon. The average soil losses by water erosion according to the model used are estimated at 46.1 t/ha/year. The maximum losses are of the order of 294 t/ha/year per plot. Total annual watershed losses are close to 800,000 t/year (Plot Erosion). In addition, the analysis of these results made it possible, using the GIS, to determine the factors that control water erosion and that are in order of importance: the sensitivity of soils to erosion, slopes, soil protection, precipitation, types of erosion, and temperature. It should be noted that the used methodology of EPM model applies to various types of erosion.
Keywords: Watershed of the Oued Tleta, degradation soil, EPM model, GIS

Application of QFD Methodology as a Planning Tool for Quality Management on a Clinical Engineering sector at HUOL / UFRN
Jurandir Barreto Galdino Junior, Hélio Roberto Hékis, Davidson Rogério de Medeiros Florentino, Danylo de Araujo Viana, Tiago de Oliveira Barreto, Ícaro Fernando Fonsêca Braga, Gyuliano Rufino Aniceto, Wilkson Ricardo Silva Castro and Eric Lucas Dos Santos Cabral
In a complex hospital environment, where in many cases the demands for a quality in Clinical Engineering are high and resources are low, it is important to apply tools that can assist at improving services provided by clinical engineering’s professionals. Thus, this paper aims to apply the QFD methodology as an aid tool in planning the quality of service provided by the clinical engineering team of Onofre Lopes University Hospital, with the intention of proposing improvements to be included in future planning. Initially, this research aims to discover the main needs of healthcare professionals that use services provided by the clinical engineering team, by reviewing articles on quality at hospitals environments. The target sectors of this research were chosen using as criteria the highest number of work orders (OS) generated and criticality of equipment. It is also object of study to analyze the level of satisfaction and importance that the employees of the studied sectors attribute to the clinical engineering sector. This study was conducted through semi-structured interviews, which were granted by the heads and coordinators of each sector. After completing the previous step, the quality house was built starting with translating users' needs into design requirements, and then correlating existing design requirements with finding out which design requirement is of highest relevance to meet customer needs. In the end, it will be possible to generate data that can be interpreted efficiently by the clinical engineering team, thus identify which points are working as expected and which need to be analyzed more closely in future strategic planning.
Keyword: Clinical engineering; Quality management; QFD

Effet de L’application Foliaire de deux Biostimulants sur la Qualité Interne et Externe des Fruits de Grenade cv « SEFRI » dans la Région de Tadla, Maroc
Kawtar Semaoui, Nabil Rachdi, Zerhoune Messaoudi, Lhoussain Ait Haddou and Abdelilah Rahou
La température élevée et la faible humidité de l’aire au printemps et pendant l’été produisent un taux d’éclatement de fruits très élevé. Le présent essai est mené dans un jeune verger de grenadier variété « Sefri » en 2016. En raison d’étudier l’effet de deux biostimulants (Pr: Protifert et Vi: Vitazyme) sur la qualité interne et externe des fruits de grenade.
Le dispositif expérimental est complètement aléatoire avec trois traitements (Pr: 4 ml/L, Vi: 1,3 ml/L et T: témoin) et trois répétitions. Quatre pulvérisations ont été effectuées pour les deux produits au cours des périodes suivantes: la fin de floraison, la chute physiologique, la nouaison et le grossissement des fruits. Les dimensions (longueur et diamètre) et le poids de fruit, le nombre de carpelles, l’épaisseur de l’écorce, les solides solubles totaux, l’acidité totale, les sucres (Glucose et fructose) et acides organiques (Citrique, oxalique et malique et ascorbique) de fruits ont été contrôlés. Les résultats ont indiqué que les biostimulants influencent quelques paramètres de qualité.
Keyword: Biostimulants, Grenadier, Sefri, Qualité, Paramètres

Secondary School Teachers’ Efficacy in Teaching and Students’ Understanding of Biology Concepts
Ihejiamaizu Christiana Chinyere, Nyenke Constance and Neji Hope Amba
The study examined secondary school teachers’ efficacy in teaching and students’ understanding of Biology concepts. To achieve this aim, one hypothesis was formulated to direct the investigation. A total of three hundred secondary school teachers were randomly selected to serve as respondents in this study. Simple random sampling technique was used to collect sample of the study. The instrument of the study was a questionnaire based on modified four points scales on teachers’ efficacy in teaching Biology content (TEITBC) and a 20-item Biology understanding test (BUT). The reliability of the instrument was ascertained using alpha reliability coefficient and kudar-richardson’s formular (KR-20) which yielded a coefficient of 0.89 and 0.87 respectively. Data obtained was analyzed using Pearson product moment correlation analysis. Result of data analysis revealed that; there is a positive relationship between teachers’ teaching efficacy and students’ understanding of Biology concepts. Based on finding, it is concluded that teachers’ teaching efficacy has strong influence on the students’ understanding of Biology concepts. Therefore, it is recommended that. Teachers’ should employ effective strategies and content mastery should be improved to help students’ understand the subject adequately.
Keyword: Teachers Efficacy Biology and Understanding

On the Fekete-Szegö Bounds for New classes of Holomorphic Functions Based on Quasi-Subordination
Enaam Hadi Abd and Mohammed H. Saloomi
In this paper, some subclasses of holomorphic univalent functions based on quasi -subordination are obtained. Also the upper bound of | a3 - µa22 | for functions belonging to these subclass are calculated.
Keywords: Holomorphic functions, Univalent function, Quasi-subordination, Majorization.Fekete-Szego bounds

Hypolipidemic Effect of Volatile Oil of Two Varieties of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) in Laboratory Rats
Essam H. A. Al-Doghachi, Saad Sh. Hammady and Nada N. Faris
The experiment conducted during the academic year 2010/2011 in the laboratory of the college of Agriculture / Basrah University. To study the hypolipidemic effect of volatile oil of two varieties of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) were evaluated on hyperlipidemic rats. Hypolipidemia was developed by diet contained 1% cholesterol for 21 days. Rats were divided into four major groups, control, hyperlipidemic and hyperlipidemic treated with volatile oil of sweet fennel( Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce) and bitter fennel (Foeniculum vulgare var. vulgare) at doses 0, 20 ,30 ,40 b.w. for 1, 2 and 3 weeks. The results showed that treatment with volatile oil of bitter fennel caused a significant decrease of Serum Glucose, Total cholesterol, Triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, VLDL-cholesterol, Urea levels and body weight and increase in HDL-cholesterol compared with control and hyperlipidemic group.
Keywords: Hypocholesterolaemia; Hypotriglyceridemia; Hypolipidemic effect; Foeniculum vulgare

The Histological Effects of Volatile Oil and Seeds of Sweet Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce) in Hyperlipidemic Rats
Essam H. A. Al-Doghachi, Saad Sh. Hammady, Nada N. Faris and Salih Kathem Majeed
The experiment conducted during the academic year 2010/2011 in the laboratory of the college of Agriculture / Basrah University. To study the histological effects of volatile oil and seeds of Sweet fennel (Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce) in laboratory rats. Rats were divided into four major groups, control, hyperlipidemic and hyperlipidemic treated with volatile oil of Sweet fennel at doses 0, 20 ,30 ,40 b.w. and hyperlipidemic treated with grind seed at dose 1000 b.w. duration three weeks. Hypolipidemia was developed by diet contained 1% cholesterol for 21 day. The results showed no changes in control(normal rats) and the tissue remain within normal limits. Whereas, the rat treated with cholesterol only, illustrate clear morbid changes. While liver and kidney in rats treated with cholesterol then with essential oil and grind seed of sweet fennel duration three weeks, showed amelioration in histological picture compared with group treated with cholesterol only (hyperlipidemic group).
Keywords: Histological study; Foeniculum vulgare; Hyperlipidemia

A Critical Reading in Malek Bin Al-Raib’s Lament
Muyassar Saleem Al-Shora
This study is considered from the most famous of what had been in the art of “lamentations” in the Arab Poetry, for what it enjoys of bravery and truthfulness that both spring from the inner-self of the Poet Malek Bin Al-Raib, where nothing precious matches the psyche, so feelings intermixed about a decisive issue, and the smell of death penetrated into the directions of the place, it fragranted in his breaths so he drew them painful words catch the receiver with infection, so he lives it a moment by moment and shares the poet his pains, cares, and alienation. All that is done by the text, so I could discover the relationship between the images formed by the poet in this imagination and the psychological state that accompanies this production, through the first chapter of study. And also the reader can disclose some semantics of the text, that is, through his interaction with a truthful sentiment together with poem. But what relates with the second chapter. We glance the ascension of the “ego” and this ‘self’ sighs. This means the psychological state at the poet and appearance of death marks at a great from represented with meanings of mutual consolation, sorrow, and scenes of weeping and lamentation that are in harmony with the decisive end of the poet.

Effet des usages des sols sur le Carbone, la Biomasse Microbienne et le Phosphore dans le Centre Agricole d’Agricongo, Congo
Goma-Tchimbakala Joseph and Banzouzi Batamio Bienvenue
L’étude a été menée dans le centre agricole d’Agricongo situé à 17 Km de Brazzaville. Le but de cette étude était d’évaluer les effets des usages des sols sur les caractéristiques chimiques et microbiologiques des sols. Sept sites ont été choisis dans la zone d’étude : S1 Jachère d’herbe avec légumineuse plantée ; S2 Jachère d’herbe ; S3 jachère avec enfouissement de fanes de niébé; S4 culture de soja ; S5 jachère d’herbe (7 ans) ; S6 plantation de caféier et S7 verger dans lesquels des échantillons composites de sol ont été prélevés dans les horizons 0-10 et 10-20 cm. Les analyses ont porté sur la détermination du pH, du carbone total, de la biomasse microbienne, du phosphore total et assimilable. Les résultats ont montré que le pH diffère entre les horizons et entre les sites. Le taux de carbone total le plus élevé a été enregistré dans le site1, 16,8‰ et 12,4‰ respectivement dans l’horizon 0-10 cm. La biomasse microbienne carbonée la plus élevée a été observé dans S1 de l’horizon 0-10 cm avec 309,5 µg / g sol. Les teneurs en phosphore total ont varié entre 66,88 mg/kg de sol dans le site 4 et 35,14 mg/kg de sol dans le site 1 dans l’horizon 0-10cm. A l’exception des sites 1 et 7 les teneurs en phosphore assimilable sont plus élevées dans l’horizon 0-10 cm que dans l’horizon 10-20cm. Les résultats obtenus montrent que les changements d’usage des sols impactent fortement les caractéristiques chimiques et microbiologiques des sols.
Keywords: Biomasse microbienne, phosphore, matière organique, sol

Correlates of Science Process Skills Knowledge among Senior Secondary II Biology Students in Cross River State, Nigeria
Ihejiamazu, Christiana Chinyere, Neji, Hope Amba and Isaac, Ashiwere Obogo
Science process skills knowledge is essential if effective learning of science at all levels of education must be achieved. The knowledge of science process skills helps the learner to develop formal thinking ability and thus appreciate the relevance of science in everyday life. The aims of this study were to investigate the relationship between Senior secondary school II Biology students’ knowledge level of science process skills and their attitudes toward science, the effect of gender and class size on students’ knowledge level of science process skills. Three null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A sample of 350 (SSII) Biology students was used for the study. The instrument used for data collection were Process Skills Correlates Questionnaire (PSCQ) and Process Skills Knowledge Test in Biology (PSKTB). The reliability of the PSCQ was established using Cronbach Alpha Statistics and Kurder Richardson formula 20 (KR20) for PSKTB respectively. The reliability estimate ranged from 0.77-0.78. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Co-efficient statistics was used to test hypotheses one and two whilst independent t-test was used in testing hypothesis three at 0.5 levels of significance. The results of analysis revealed that attitude and class size has significant correlation with students’ science process skills knowledge. However, gender does not significantly influence Biology students’ science process skills knowledge. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that government should build more equipped classroom blocks in secondary schools that will reduce crowded class size in schools for effective teaching and learning of Biology.
Keywords: Correlates, science process skills knowledge, student attitude, Biology