European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 151 No 3
January, 2019

Population Projection Model using Exponential Growth Function with a Birth and Death Diffusion Growth Rate Processes

Basel M. Al-Eideh and Hana O. Al-Omar
One of the important functions of the demographers is to provide information on the future trend of population projection, which is important to plan for human activities. Today, demographers are interested in describing phenomena in theoretical models involving population structure by considering the stochastic analogs of classical differences and differential equations. In this paper, a description of a population projection model is derived using a growth rate follow a birth and death diffusion process. The mean and the variance as well as the predicted and the simulated sample path of such a population projection process are also obtained. Numerical example for the case of the birth and death diffusion growth rate as well as the case of the constant growth rate are considered.
Keywords: Population Projection Model, Birth-Death Diffusion Process, Growth Rate Process, Predicted Population, Sample Path.

Statelessness and its Impact on Reducing the Human Rights

Ahmad Hasan Abu Sabah, Amal Yusuf Alrfua and Sana'a Jamil Ali al Huneite
Nationality gives the individuals the right to the full participation in the state; without nationality the individuals are deprived from the right of political participation, such as the right of candidature and vote. Statelessness also raises several issues, including the access to education, travel, as well as health care. Therefore, international efforts should be promoted in order to address the phenomenon of statelessness, where the states should take necessary measures ensuring that each individual enjoys the rights related to his/ her nationality.
This study aimed at addressing the topic of statelessness and its impact on reducing the human rights. Throughout this study, we demonstrated the concept of statelessness, its reasons, cases, as well as the methods for preventing it and the impact of this phenomenon on the human rights.
The research was concluded by a number of results and recommendations.

A Skilled Hybrid Method to Protect Against Rushing Attack for the DSR Routing Protocol

Avinash Raipuria and Sellappan Palaniappan
In recently days, from time to time the person uses the temporary network. The network participant works as a node host and router, the packet of each node should be increased, requiring routing protocols. There may be an external attack on this network or one can do it. There are many techniques for this attack. This attack is faster by searching the search for the route and the packet is used for such attacks, it is called rushing attack and the attacker indicates that this is the correct node This paper will focus on rushing attack which threatens the security of the mobile ad hoc network by analysing this type of attack and its impact on mobile ad hoc networks. To avoid this, many experiments have been done in the past but they have not been successful enough. This paper offers something new to the best solution to keep the network safe. In this research paper used digital signature with random message forwarding technology, and this technology network has become largely safe. This paper proposed the best solution for network to efficient route discovery time, hop count and delay.
Keywords: Rushing attack, DSR Protocol, RMF technique, Digital Signature

Control of Payment of Suppliers in a Public Hospital: Case Study of Onofre Lopes University Hospital – Brazil

Adolfo Rebouças Soares, Eric Lucas dos Santos Cabral,Wilkson Ricardo Silva Castro, Felipe Martins Pedrosa, João Florêncio da Costa Junior, Davidson Rogério de Medeiros Florentino, Ricardo Pires de Souza, Danylo de Araújo Viana, Amanda Gomes de Assis, Jurandir Barreto, Hélio Roberto Hékis Amália Cinthia Meneses Rêgo and Irami Araújo-Filho
Throughout the last decades, the discussion about the quality in the health service has gained global importance, mainly due to the difficulty in reaching a thorough measurement for the performance of health services based on objective criteria. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to evaluate through Control Charts whether the supplier payment process in a public hospital is being completed within the time frames specified by internal corporate administrative resolutions. Initially followed the Montgomery methodology for non-self-correlated phenomena from which the application of individual control charts and moving range was utilized. Following the charts analysis, it became necessary to verify the conformity of the data in relation to the distribution. Hence, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Chi-Square tests were performed, in which it was verified that the Weibull distribution is better suited to the data, and control charts were applied for the Weibull distribution and Capability study. The results of the applications indicated variability in the process, which can be minimized by identifying the bottlenecks inherent to the formalities in the payment process; evaluating the time a given invoice remains with the purchasing coordinator; defining a timeframe necessary to comply with the process verification before validating the invoice and send it to the contract unity; determining the specific time requirements for each stage of the process as to optimize the flow; and establishing key performance indicators in order to attain an in depth understanding of the internal procedures.
Keywords: Statistical quality control, hospitals, procurement sector, quality engineering, total quality management, organization and administration.

Improving the Efficiency of Lean Production Deployment through Internal Communication

Edson Manica and Solange da Silva
Regardless of the branch of activity, the implementation of lean production relies heavily on internal communication to an effective absorption and maintenance of this methodology. In this way, the purpose of this article, was searching the literature, internal communication practices used by companies who have adopted lean production efficiently in their operations.
The proposed method was the application of these practices found in four small furniture manufacturing industries of the Central-West region of Brazil, who began a program of implementation of lean production in the past 12 months. The results show a greater participation of employees in the implementation of the programme after the adoption of the communication practices. Daily and weekly meeting with two-way communication between managers and employees, proved to be efficient for a greater understanding and adherence of the team proposed by the program objectives, as well as the rate of implementation of the actions of the plan which had an increase of 5W2H 139% after implementation of such practices.
Keywords:Lean Production, Internal Communication, Productivity Increase, Two-way Communication.

On Nonlocal Problems for Fractional Integro-Differential Equation in Banach Space

Mohammed S. Abdo, Abdulkafi M. Saeed, Hanan A. Wahash and Satish K. Panchal
The aim of the present paper is to study the Cauchy-type problem for a integro-differential equation of fractional order with nonlocal conditions in Banach spaces. The fractional differential operator is taken in the Caputo sense. New conditions on the nonlinear terms are given to guarantee the equivalence. We shall prove the existence and uniqueness results by means of Banach fixed point and the Krasnoselskii's fixed point theorems. At the end, an illustrative example will be introduced to justify our results.
Keywords:Nonlocal problems, Fractional integro-differential equation, fixed point theorem, Banach space

International Responsibility for Environmental Pollution Crimes Resulting from Armed Conflicts in the Light of the Provisions of the Statute of the International Criminal Court

Ola Ghazi Abbasi
Protection of environment during armed conflicts is one of the important issues in the International Law, particularly due to the exposure of environment to destruction in many occasions because of wars and armed conflicts, as a result of all kinds of traditional weapons and other nuclear, chemical or biological weapons of limited and mass destruction which were or are used in such conflicts. The reality shows us that the wars to which the international arena was and is exposed led to a violation of a basic human right; i.e. the right to live in a safe and clean environment.
All the foregoing led countries to move and awaken to prevent the reoccurrence of these crimes, and therefore they resorted to entering into treaties and conventions which contained a kind of penalties against anyone who commits an international crime, including the crimes relating to contamination of environment during armed conflicts. Those treaties, however, were in need for a judicial institution to actually apply the provisions thereof. Thus, the Statute of the International Criminal Court was adopted in 1998 and entered into force in 2002. Although it does not contain provisions directly incriminating the attacking the environment, yet it considered all actions that cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment and violate the principle of proportionality as a war crime, and further considered certain environmental crimes under the crimes against humanity and genocides.
Keywords: International Responsibility, Environmental Pollution Crimes, Armed Conflicts, International Criminal Court (ICC)

Quality Criteria in Conducting Action Research in Information Systems

Humberto Caetano Cardoso da Silva, Denis Silva da Silveira, Jairo Simião Dornelas, Henrique Santos Ferreira and Rosamaria Belo Lucena
The practical relevance of research in information systems has led researchers and journals to indicate the use of the action research field strategy. However, this strategy holds several criticisms and it is necessary a set of criteria that can be used to evaluate how well the work is done. From the compilation of a series of qualitative research quality criteria, case study quality and action research quality itself, it was possible to compile a set of 9 criteria to be used in conducting action research, namely: construction of the research corpus; data collection and analysis; research reflexivity; process description; process democratization; catalysis of participants; results; openness for surprise; and dialogue with peers. However, it is important to signalize that the criteria set presented here should not be a list to be followed, but as a series of points to be remembered by the researcher in conducting field research.
Keywords: Action research; Quality; Criteria; Information systems

Civil and Criminal Protection of the Trademarks According to Bahrain Legislation and International Agreements

Raed Mohammad Flieh Alnimer and Amer Mohamed Mahmoud El Saeedi
Trademark protection is available for everything that takes a distinctive form such as names, words, signatures, characters, codes, numbers, signposts, seals, drawings, sounds, smells, pictures, inscriptions, packaging, figurative elements, figures, colours, combinations of colours, or any combination thereof or any other sign or a group of signs if used or intended to be used in distinguishing goods or services of an establishment from goods or services of another establishment , or to indicate the performance of certain services, or to distinguish goods or services as regards their source, ingredients, method of manufacture, quality, identity, or any other characteristics. Trademark protection is the most important part of the law identifying with the protection of peculiar signs.
Keywords: Trademark, protection, infringement, public confidence, imitation of trademarks, usage of falsified of trademark, TRIPS, civil protect, criminal protect, counterfeits, bad faith