European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 149 No 4
July, 2018

A Study of Consumer Perception and Purchase Intention of Electric Vehicles
Pretty Bhalla, InassSalamah Ali and AfrozeNazneen
Contemporary environmental concerns are thrusting the manufacturing and sales of Electric vehicles. Combination of Indian skilled and semiskilled technological base, a platform of large customer base, and relatively cheaper production and labor cost, has fascinated almost all global electric vehicle manufacturers and component suppliers,to start operations from India — Bosch, AVL and Cummins. To study Commercial success and purchase intention of electric vehicle by Indians, there is a need to study the factors influencing the consumer acceptance of these vehicles. Various factors that influence the purchase decision of car buyers are individual perception on dimensions like environmental issues, cost, trust, technology advancement, infrastructure, and society acceptance. The results shows that environmental concerns and consumer trust on technology are antecedent factor for perception about Electric vehicle purchase and the factors which give adoption blow back are cost, infrastructure, social acceptance. Thus to promote sales of electric vehicle government has to play a leading role by creating environmental policy, infrastructure andsubsidized cost of vehicle or lower the bank rate of interest rate.

Bank Credit and Its Impact on Investment: An Applied Study on the Jordanian Economy 2016 – 2000
Nadine M.N Al Shammary and Ayman Khalil Ibrahim Bitar
Commercial banks perform its fund-raising function of different investment fields through providing necessary credit facilities to purchase capital master as well as current assets, In addition to direct investment of stock purchasing and establishing new companies in all their adversity.
The research looks into analysis of bank credit impact on investment in the development of the Jordanian economy and identifying commercial banks role in funding investments in all their adversity.
The research included the literature review, following the organization of bank credit in Jordan and the sources of Jordanian investment funding.
The research included the study of the impact of: bank credit , work remittances abroad, foreign aids, loans of specialized lending institutions on investment.
The research hypothesis were tested and the results were concluded and finally the recommendations.

Proposed Algorithm to Solve Inverse Kinematics Problem of the Robot
Hayder Fadhil Abdulsada
The problem of the Inverse kinematics (IK) of robot "manipulators" is desired to be treated analytically to have simply and completely solution. This operation is named a closed method solution. In this paper, a proposed algorithm is utilized to overcome the IK and measure the angles of the arm's joints when they follow to any track. The QNN algorithm is proposed to improve the system response and overcome the trouble of robot's IK. The forward kinematic (FK) was derived basing on the "Denavit-Hartenberg" representation.
The system is simulated by Matlab-2014, the GUI is designed and built for the purpose of robot simulations in FK, IK and in the movement path. In this implementation, a Mitsubishi-RM501 robot of 5 degrees of freedom was used.
Keywords: "Denavit-Hartenberg", DOF, Forward Kinematic (FK), Inverse Kinematics (IK), QNN.

Clayey Material from BIMBO (Central Africa Republic (C.A.R)): Physicochemical, Mineralogical Characterization and Technological Properties of Fired Products
GONIDANGA Bruno Serge, Njoya Dayirou, Lecomte-Nana Gisèle, Elimbi Antoine and Njopwouo Daniel
The mineralogical and physicochemical analyses of two clayey materials from Bimbo, a locality of the Ombella-M'Poko division in Central African Republic are reported together with the properties of their fired bricks at 900, 1000 and 1100 °C. The mineralogical assemblage from XRD is made of kaolinite, quartz, illite, goethite and anatase. Sample, named BIM-1, is kaolinite rich (61 %) the sample named BIM-2, is quartz rich (57.26 %). The thermal analysis (TGA/DTA and dilatometry) are agreeing with the mineralogy of both samples. Upon firing, the mineralogical analysis evidence the presence of mullite, hematite, cristobalite and titanium oxide. The maximum shrinkage for BIM-1 bricks, after firing at 1100 °C is 7 % while for BIM-2 it is almost zero at all firing temperatures. The water uptake for both samples is < 25 % at all firing temperature and this low water uptake make these clays usable for fired bricks making. The flexural strength of BIM-1 is > 5 MPa as from 900 °C and make this sample usable for dense bricks making. Conversely, BIM-2, is usable as degreaser due to its high quartz content. Coupled SEM-EDS observations confirms the dense nature of BIM-1 fired bricks and low cohesion for BIM-2 bricks.
Keywords: Kaolinite; physicochemical analysis; fired bricks; Flexural strength; Mineralogy.

Chemical Composition and Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of Moroccan Cupressus Arizonica Greene Essential Oils
H. Bouksaim, B. Satrani, M. Ghanmi, A. Chaouch and M. Fadli
The chemical composition of essential oils obtained using steam distillation of important plant parts as leaves, cones and sawdust of Cupressus arizonica Greene grown in Morocco was determined by GC and GC / MS. Among the elements identified in this work research, α-pinene is found the major constituent of the various parties discussed with the following percentages (25.52% twigs and 76.45% cones 78.3% sawdust). In twigs, there is a remarkable abundance of p-cymene (10.11%), followed by α-phellandrene (5.49%) and Sabinene (5.81%). The antibacterial activity of essential oils against bacteria samples, molds and fungi wood rot was evaluated in vitro, and, depending on the presence or absence of the proliferation of the species tested under experiment conditions of the present research work.
Keywords: Cupressus arizonica – leaves – Cones – Sawdust – Essential oils – Chemical composition – Antimicrobial activity.

Reality and Future of Islamic Banking in Lebanon
Hiyam Sujud and Boutheina Hachem
Islamic banking is one of the topics of interest to economists and researchers at the present time. Research on the subject of financing economic development, identifying obstacles and studying ways to eliminate them are important issues that will pave the way for the development process. This is what researchers have achieved through the definition of the concept of Islamic banks and study their reality in Lebanon. The study identified the phenomena related to future of Islamic Banking, customers attitudes of Islamic Banking and the effect of Islamic Banking on national economy. Descriptive research design was adopted and simple random sampling techniques was used to select data of a total customers of Islamic banks of 200 and 15 economist which constitute our sample size. Questionnaires on the future of Islamic Banking in Lebanon were distributed among customers and economist. The study concluded that there are several obstacles to the work of these banks in Lebanon and presented a set of proposals that can contribute to overcoming these obstacles and contribute to accelerate the economic development and achievement of these banks at home country.
Keywords: Islamic banking, customers, descriptive statistics, economist, Lebanon, Riba (interest), Shariah (Islamic law).
GEL Classification: G21

Protected Landscape: from Predictions to Realities
Patrícia Costa Pellizzaro, Letícia Peret Antunes Hardt and Carlos Hardt
As a result of the accentuated urbanization process, significant interferences occur on the natural resources of protected areas in cities. In view of this assumption, the general objective of the research is to analyze the physical susceptibility, the biological fragility and the anthropic pressure of the Po Fluvial Park, Italy, interpreting three approach scales - regional, surrounding and interior of the conservation unit - and the guidelines of its planning, especially those related to its zoning. From the interpretation of theoretical and conceptual bases, the methodological and technical procedures was developed according to the following phases: thematic mapping from 2000 to 2018, construction of synthesis matrix crossing landscape components, and comparation of previous results with the protection measures related to management of the study area. The analysis shows that there were no significant changes in the period, a fact justified against to recognized quality of the park plan. Thus, the urban and regional administration should consider the protection of abiotic, biotic and human diversity, including in the set of priorities, aiming at maintaining and improving the life quality of the population.
Keywords: Physical susceptibility, Biological fragility, Anthropic pressure, Protected natural area, Urban landscape, Planning and management, Po Fluvial Park, Italy.

Characterization of Physicochemical Parameters of the Waters of A Lake Situated between Two Hydroelectric Dams: Lake of Ayame 2 (Côte d’Ivoire)
Adou Yedehi Euphrasie, Blahoua Kassi Georges, Gogbé Zeré Marius and N’Douba Valentin
This study aims to characterize the physico-chemical parameters of the waters of the man made lake of Ayame 2 in order to offer the basis elements for a future ecological modeling of the system. Nine parameters were measured from august 2015 to July 2016. The physical parameter of the water quality haven’t shown a significative variation between dry and rainy seasons, except dissolved oxygen which has lower values (1.3&plusminus;0.7 mg.L-1) in dry season related to an important development of aquatic plants. In general, lake waters are poor in dissolved oxygen levels and present a state of eutrophication. Chemical parameters (nitrites, nitrates) are more important (1.8 &plusminus; 0.001 ; 143 &plusminus; 1 μg.L-1 respectively) in rainy season when fertilizers are used to produce crops. Water analyses revealed that the eutrophication of the dam is great in high water period. However, the ammonium (460 &plusminus; 0.4 μg.L-1) and orthophosphate ion (250 &plusminus; 0.1 μg.L-1) levels are higher in dry season. These results indicate that the waters of the lake are eutrophic with a permanent risk of anoxia. They can help to settle integrated management plan of the dam.

Keywords: Physico-chemistry, stream, eutrophication, man made lake of Ayame 2.

Relationship between Competitive Priorities and Process Innovation in the Productive Chain of the Grape and Wine
Beatriz Lúcia Salvador Bizotto, Maria Emilia Camargo, Marta Elisete Ventura da Motta, Mariane Camargo Priesnitz and Ademar Galelli
This study aims to present an analysis of the relationship between Competitive priorities (Delivery, Quality, Cost, and Flexibility) and Process Innovation in the productive chain of the grape and wine of the Serra Gaúcha, Rio Grande do Sul. The method of quantitative descriptive research was operationalized through a survey, likert scale of 5 points. The sample was composed of 196 actors of the productive chain of the grape and wine of the Serra Gaúcha, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. For analysis, we used the technique of structural equation modeling which confirmed that there is positive and meaningful relationship between Competitive priorities and innovation process. All cases were confirmed with a significance level of 5%.

Keywords: Competitive Priorities, Process Innovation, Structural Equation Model.

Biosorption du Bleu de Méthylène et de l’Orange II sur le lichen Parmotrema dilatatum désactivé
Kouassi Kouadio Dobi-Brice, Lynda Ekou, Tchirioua Ekou and Yacouba Zoungranan
Des essais de biosorption en batch sont réalisés sur les lichens désactivés, matériaux d’origine végétale. Deux colorants toxiques, le Bleu de Méthylène (BM) et l’Orange II (OII) ont été choisis pour cette étude. Les résultats issus des essais de biosorption ont révélé que les paramètres physico chimiques tels que le temps de contact, la vitesse d’agitation, la concentration initiale en colorant, la masse de lichen, le pH de la solution et la température ont des effets sur le mécanisme de biosorption. Le temps d’équilibre est de 60 et 120 minutes respectivement pour la solution de BM et OII. La biosorption optimale des colorants est observée avec une vitesse d’agitation de 450 tr/min. La capacité de biosorption augmente avec l’augmentation de la concentration des deux colorants. De plus la biosorption du Bleu de Méthylène augmentation avec l’augmentation de la température. Dans le cas de Orange II aucun effet remarquable n’a été observé lors de l’augmentation de la température. Les capacités de biosorption optimales de ces deux colorants ont été observées à pH faibles.

Keywords: Lichens désactivés, colorant, Bleu de Méthylène, Orange II, biosorption.