European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 148 No 2
January, 2018

Quantification Des Déchets Solides Ménagers De La Ville De Kara Et Scénarisation De La Gestion

Bonnah Maléki, Baba Gnon and Ségbéaya Kwamivi N.
La gestion des déchets solides ménagers à Kara (Togo) connaît des difficultés qui sont préoccupantes. Cette étude a pour but de déterminer les données quantitatives relatives à ces déchets et d’élaborer des scénarios devant permettre le choix d’une filière de gestion durable et efficace de ces déchets.
A cet effet, il est réalisé huit campagnes de caractérisation entre 2013 et 2016, quatre en temps secs et quatre autres en temps humides. Les ménages retenus sont choisis au hasard dans différents quartiers de la ville et leur nombre est défini sur la base de la taille de la population et de sorte à couvrir au moins le centième de cette population. Le tri des déchets est fait suivant la MODECOM légèrement modifiée.
Les ratios varient suivant le quartier et la saison entre 0,10 et 1,64 kg.hab-1.j-1 avec une moyenne pour l’ensemble de la ville égale à 0,41 &plusminus; 0,04 kg.hab-1.j-1. Les données massiques par taille sont dominées par les catégories fines (60,61-75,82 %) avec une majorité extrafine : 32,89-51,20 %. La majorité des gros et moyens est putrescible : 11,78 &plusminus; 2,96 %.
Les constituants de ces déchets offrent la possibilité de valorisation jusqu’au tiers de leur masse totale. Une gestion efficace de ces déchets doit associer les actions "prévention", "valorisation" et "stockage" avec un maximum de pré-collecte.
Keywords: Kara, Déchets solides ménagers, ratio journalier, caractérisation, gestion.

The Influence of Regional Institutions in Location Choice of Cross-Border Acquisitions

Christian Falaster, Fellipe Silva Martins and José Eduardo Storopoli
We propose that the institutional region characteristics' have an influence on the number of acquisitions that it receives. Specifically, regions that have more developed regulatory institutions, infrastructure institutions and political institutions will attract more acquisitions. We also address that education levels and economic centrality can act as buffers that decrease the importance of institutional quality. Our results show that institutional inefficiencies decrease the number of acquisitions directed towards a region, while the population of the region and human development of the region are positive determinants. We contribute to institutional theory in international business by showing that the regional characteristics of institutions can play an important role in location choice, sometimes even more important than country characteristics; and also that other factors may be at stake when an acquisition are undertaken.
Keywords: Institutional environment; Economic Geography; Regions; Location Choice.

The Quantized Atomic Masses of the Elements: Part-5; Z=81-99 (Tl-Es)

Bahjat R. J. Muhyedeen
This paper is the sixth part of a series of nine of QAM-UQAM-NMT-2015-Ver-3. An innovative semi-empirical atomic mass formula has been derived to calculate quantized atomic masses more precisely than macro-micro formula and purely microscopic HF-self-consistent methods. It is based on the novel mass quantization and the variable neutron mass concepts of new nuclear theory NMT. It can calculate the atomic masses of non-existent isotopes based on the existing experimentally measured nuclides. The discrepancy (RMS) of the mass model is less than 335 keV for UQAM and 884 keV for QAM for the entire region of ground-state masses of 3160 nuclei ranging from 1H to 118Og. The quantized atomic masses of 15000 nuclei ranging from Z=1 to Z=200 have been calculated, 1230 nuclides of them belong to Z=81-99 (Tl-Es). The results are compared with those of other recent macroscopic–microscopic. Sn, Sp, β-, β+ and α decay energies are also given.
Keywords: nuclear mass formula, neutron mass, atomic masses, new isotopes, super-heavy nuclei, alpha decay.

Cartographie des infrastructures d’assainissement d’Abobo: cas du quartier d’Agnissankoi, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Kanohin Fulvie epse Otchoumou, Konan Behibro Ange-Delon and Atta Xavier Ulrich
This study aims to present the state of the drainage systems of the suburb Avocatier-agnissankoi. A survey carried out near 646 houses reveal the specific problems of cleansing to which the residents are exposed. The use of the geographical information systems (GIS) and of the multicriteria analysis allowed the cartography of the level of cleansing of the zone of study. The results obtained present three classes. The class of acceptable infrastructure of cleansing occupies 22,5 PC of the zone of study and accounts for 50 PC in the north of the zone of study. The class of poor infrastructure of cleansing covers 62,5 PC of the zone of study and the class of bad infrastructure of cleansing occupies 15,5 PC of the dwellings of Avocatier-agnissankoi.
Keywords: Cleansing, latrines, absorbing well, underground nap, Abobo, Côte d'Ivoire.

Structural, Optical and Electrochromic Properties of Sputter Deposited Tungsten oxide films in Argon-Helium Atmosphere

Vyomesh R Buch, Sushant K Rawal and Amit Kumar Chawla
Tungsten oxide (WO3) films have been deposited on glass substrates by RF magnetron sputtering of tungsten target. The effect of oxygen flow rate in argon and helium atmosphere was examined on the structural, optical and electrochromic properties of tungsten oxide films. When we are replacing helium gas with argon the particle sizes and the due to this the band gap will gets affected. Band gap values were obtained over range of 2.62 to 3.09 eV. The atomic mass of the sputtering gas also plays the prime role for changing the primary crystallite size, orientation as well as band gap.We were able to relate the better crystallization of tungsten atoms with low oxygen flow rate when films are deposited in helium instead of argon due to Penning ionization. The deposited samples show hydrophobic behaviour and the contact angle was found to decrease with increase in oxygen flow rate.
Keywords: Tungsten oxide; rf sputtering ; Electrochromic; Band gap ; Hydrophobic ; Cyclic voltammetry

Introduction of Lean Production Tools in a Clothing Industry to Improvement the Production Results

Edson Manica, Solange da Silva and Sergio Duarte de Castro
Regardless of size and industry, the industries need to remain competitive, reducing costs and optimizing their processes. This article aims to present the results achieved by a brazilian industry of clothing in the central region of Goiás with the implementation of lean production tools, during the months of June and August of 2017. After identified factory restrictions through the value stream mapping, it was possible to apply the 5S and deploy the continuous flow. The results show a 32% increase in productivity and reduction of 69% in the internal moves.
Keywords: Lean Production, Continuous Flow, Performance Improvement, 5S

Conformity of Blended Cement Incorporating Ground Ceramic with Cement Standards

D.M. Sadek and Sh.K. Amin
In this study, ceramic powder derived from crushing and grinding rejected fired glazed wall ceramic tiles was used as a supplementary cementing material to CEM I 42.5 N in the production of blended cement for sustainable construction. Cement was replaced by fine ceramic waste in ranges up to 35% wt. at an increasing increment of 5%. The characteristics of cement–ceramic blends were determined and compared with the requirements of both European and Egyptian standard specifications for cement. Standard water for standard consistency, setting times and soundness tests were carried out on cement paste, while unit weight, compression, flexural, water absorption, XRF, XRD, SEM and EDAX tests were carried out on cement mortar. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of using up to 35% ground ceramic waste in the production of blended cement satisfying the chemical, physical and mechanical requirements of both European and Egyptian standards for cement.
Keywords: Blended cement, ground ceramic waste, standard specifications, paste, mortar.

Crustal Structures of the Adamawa Plateau (Cameroon) from Combined Terrestrial Gravity Measurements and GRACE Model

Bouba Apollinaire, Kamguia Joseph, Nouayou Robert, Tabod Charles Tabod and Njandjock Nouck Philippe
The terrestrial gravity data of the Adamawa Plateau region (North-Cameroon) were combined with data computed from the GRACE gravity model, in order to analyze and better highlight the crustal geological structures. Computed data were compared to measured terrestrial gravity ones using standard deviation and some particular locations called checkpoints. This comparison showed that calculated and measured data have similar precision. These two data sets were therefore superimposed. To isolate the deep source anomalies from those due to less deep density contrasts the maximum level of the upward continuation was obtained using Zeng method. This method is permitted to establish new residual gravity anomaly map in the study area characterized by positive and negative anomalies. For the quantitative interpretation three profiles on this residual map is carried out using a gravity modeling program. The results show a basaltic intrusion under the granite-gneisses substratum.
Keywords: Adamawa plateau; GRACE; Standard deviation; Checkpoint; Residual anomaly.

Physical Activity By BMI of the Adult Population Of SALE, A Northwest City of Morocco

Fatine el arabi, Ilyas samara, Abdellatif Bour and Soad Khallayoune
Context and Objective: Morocco as an emerging country with various cultures, and traditions is undergoing a fast and persistent change in lifestyle, that is causing an epidemiological transition towards an increasing burden of no communicable diseases, especially cardiovascular disease ,and obesity with a recent rate of 21.7% in 2016, mainly because of excess caloric intake, unfortunately there’s a lack in physical activity rating, given that Morocco does not have a policy for encouraging people to be more active, we try to show with this study that lack of physical activity is one of the main causes of obesity among Moroccans, by comparing, the Physical activity rates with Body Mass Index in SALE a northwest city of Morocco. Methods: one hundred subjects participated in the study, 45 % males and 55 % females, the mean age was 32,29 years (standard deviation: 14.39, range: 18-67). Data collection was done using The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short version, including the measures of anthropometric parameters. Results: Obesity and overweight were common 19.8% and 26.7%. The study shows that 41% of the subjects are practicing a moderate physical activity (PA), and 40% with a low PA, it shows also a strong relationship between low PA and obesity rates (42.5%). Conclusion: The physical inactivity, which is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is very common among Moroccans and it is still neglected by health policy makers and government officials.
Keywords: Physical activity, BMI, Obesity, Morocco.

The Impact of the Banking System on the Growth of the Capital Market (Case of Jordan)

Marwan Mohammad Abu Orabi
This study has demonstrated the effect of the Jordanian banking system on the growth of the Amman Stock Exchange(ASE).The main objective is to study the impact of the major bank’s financial factors such as the volume of deposits, interest on deposits and certificates of deposit, interest on credit facilities on Amman Stock Market growth. The researcher has used multiple statistic methods; he used the descriptive approach so as to describe the relationship between banking activity and ASE market price, as well he used the analytical method to investigate the mutual impact between the ASE activity and the activity of the banking system. The quantitative analysis has been relying on the use of simple linear and multiple regression mode. The outcome of the study showed a statistically significant correlation between the individual banking variables and the activity of the Amman Stock Exchange as measured by market value.
Keywords: banking system, Amman Stock Exchange(ASE)