European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 159 No 1
April, 2021

Effect of Adjustment Behaviour on Fresh Undergraduates in Vocational Education, University of Calabar, Nigeria
6-14
Mary Arikpo Iyam and Victor Abanyam Atah
Abstract:
This study examined effect of adjustment behaviour on fresh undergraduates in Vocational Education, University of Calabar. To achieve the purpose of this study, three research questions and corresponding hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Survey research design was used for the study. The population of the study comprised 325 fresh undergraduates in the Vocational Education, University of Calabar. Total sample of one hundred and fifty (150) respondents were selected for the study using the simple random sampling technique. The main instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. The questionnaire contained 19 items. The instrument was validated by three experts, two from Business Education Unit and one from Measurement and Evaluation in the Department of Education Foundation, Guidance and Counseling. Data collected were analyzed using different statistical techniques. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while the hypotheses were tested using One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). All the hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance. The study found that social adjustment, academic adjustment and psychological adjustment had no significant effect on fresh undergraduates in Vocational Education, University of Calabar. The study recommended among others that business educators in Vocational Education should be more practical in academic adjustment to illicit fresh undergraduates’ understanding.
Keywords: Adjustment Behaviour, Fresh Undergraduates, Social Adjustment, Academic Adjustment, Psychological Adjustment.


Fight against the Resistance of Salmonella Spp. to Antibiotics: Case of the use of Plant Extracts from the Ivorian Pharmacopea
15-27
Kouamé Rivière ASSANDI, Aya Carole BONNY, Tago Germain KAROU and Gohouri Eric Kevin BOLOU
Abstract:
The importance of the emergence of antimicrobial resistance has led to the search for alternative solutions, including phytotherapy. The aim of this study is to find plants from the Ivorian pharmacopoeia with antibacterial powers on Salmonella spp. strains, with a view to their use in the fight against salmonellosis. The antibacterial activity of the aqueous and ethanolic (70%) extracts of the identified plants was carried out in vitro on 3 strains of Salmonella (multi) resistant, of avian and human origin, by the method of diffusion in agar medium. The minimal inhibitory (MIC) and bactericidal (MBC) concentrations were determined by macro dilution and inoculation methods on solid medium. The results obtained show that the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Mallotus oppositifolius and Kalanchoe crenata, and the ethanolic extract of Heterotis rotundifolia, have the best antimicrobial activities, with inhibition zone diameters ranging from 12±1 mm to 31±1 mm, MICs between 6.25 mg/mL and 50 mg/mL and MBCs ≥ 25 mg/mL. In view of these results, these plants could constitute an alternative to the use of antibiotics for the control of salmonellosis.
Keywords: (Multi)resistant Salmonella, medicinal plants, antibacterial activities, phytotherapy.


Organizational Improvisation in the Perspective of Interpretative Schemes: A Bibliometric Analysis
28-41
Karine de Jesus Rodrigues Santana and Victor Silva
Abstract:
The versatility and tension of the setting in which organizations are integrated have been forcing them to develop new abilities where improvisation and interpretative schemes have gained room in this scenario. Therefore, this study intends to present a panorama of the Brazilian and international scientific production on the topic of Organizational Improvisation. For this purpose, a bibliometric research was developed using the Scopus and Spell databases, obtaining a final sample of 48 scientific papers from 1998 to 2019. As a result, it was verified that the publication average over the past eleven years is higher than the average from the former eleven. Similarly, to the United States, Brazil has stood out in terms of membership institutions and authors. However, the most fruitful author is Portugal. Most research are theoretical. These results suggest opportunities for more empirical researches and a further development in the comparison between productions and on the topics dealt by them.
Keywords: Organizational improvisation, Interpretative schemes, Bibliometrics.
JEL Codes: M10, M12, M19.


Parental Moral Background Checks on Academic Performance of Senior Secondary Students in Biase Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria
42-54
Ukwetang, John Okpa, Eneyo, Eyo, Sarah Okpa Josiah and Benjamin Ambe Ayua
Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of family moral and family life background on senior secondary school student’s academic attainment four null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study consisted of students in Biase Local Government Area of Cross River State. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 400 students. Two instruments were developed for this study namely: Moral background of parents and academic performance of students (MBPCPS). Both instruments were designed by the researcher and were validated by the supervisor. The instruments were also subjected to statistical analysis using independent t-test for hypothesis 1, 2 and 4. While Pearson’s product moment correlation analysis was used for hypothesis 3. The result of the study revealed that family life significantly influences students’ academic attainment. Based on the result it was concluded that the dependent variable (students’ academic performance) is influenced by family moral and family life background. It was recommended among others that meaningful jobs by government based on parental qualification should be provided for parents and community, seminars should be organized for the parents to enable them take care and teach their children good morals.
Keywords: Parental moral; Academic Performance; Student; Biase; Education.

Physics Students’ Perception of Teacher’s use of Instructional Materials and Classroom Management as Predictors of their Academic Achievement in Algebraic Processes in Akamkpa Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria
55-62
Joseph Effiom-Edem Ntibi and Neji, Hope Amba
Abstract:
This study examined the influence of students’ perception of teacher use of instructional materials and classroom management on their academic achievement in Algebraic processes in Akamkpa Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria. Two hypotheses were formulated to direct the study and literature was reviewed on the variables under study. Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. A total sample of 800 out of 7479 students was selected using stratified and simple random sampling procedure. The questionnaire and academic achievement test items were the main instruments used for data collection. The reliability estimate of the instrument was established through Cronbach Alpha reliability estimate of .75 and .78. Independent t-test and One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) statistic were adopted to test the two hypotheses at .05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that there is a significant influence of students’ perception of teacher use of instructional materials and classroom management on their academic achievement in Algebraic Processes in Akamkpa Local Government State, Nigeria. Based on this finding, it was recommended among others that Physics teachers should as a matter of fact develop the habit of using instructional materials in the teaching of Physics at all levels to arouse students’ interest and enhance their academic achievements in Physics concepts.
Keywords: Algebraic Processes, classroom management, Instructional materials, Academic achievement, Physics