European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 158 No 3
February, 2021

Determinants of the Implementation of Guidance and Counselling Programme and the Quality of Students Educational Outcome in Upper Basic Education (UBE) of Cross River State, Nigeria

Ekpang Pauline Unwada, Akpama, Elizabeth Godfrey and Mfon, M. S.
This study examined the determinants of the implementation of guidance and counselling programme and the quality of student's educational outcome in Upper Basic Education of Ogoja Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. Two statements of hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Literature review was carried out based on the variables under study. Survey research design was utilized. Purposive sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents sampled for the study. A validated 10 items four point modified likert scale questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The reliability estimate of the instrument was 0.77 using Cronbach Alpha reliability method. Data was analysed using the descriptive analysis. The result of the study revealed that there is a significant influence of staff training in guidance and counselling on the educational outcome of students, and that there is no significant influence of staff training in guidance and counselling on the educational outcome of students. It was recommended that trained teacher counselors should be posted to all schools to head the guidance and counseling departments for effective functioning of the programme.
Keywords: Training, Facilities, Guidance and Counselling programmes, Upper Basic Education, Educational outcome

The Aspect of the ‘Otherness’ in Franz Kafka’s the Metamorphosis

Khaled Saleh Ibnian
The Metamorphosis, written in 1915, can be examined in the context of various sets of ideas, and so many aspects and themes in the novella can be studied. Because of this, this study is confined to focusing on the aspect of ‘otherness’ characterized in the character of Gregor Samsa and how he becomes alienated and outsider person in his family. Other aspects might be looked at in case they prove the main argument.
Keywords: Otherness, Kafka, Gregor Samsa, Marx, alienation, The Metamorphosis

Improvement of Semi-Supervised Document Classification based on Fine Tuning Naive Bayesian Classifier

Amal Alotaibi and Rim Hamdaoui
In documents classification, semi-supervised learning can deal with the issue of lack of training data by making use of any available unlabeled documents. The idea is to build an initial classifier using the available training data and then use that classifier to label all unlabeled documents that will be added to the training data to build a new classifier. This method may have an adverse effect on the original training data causing the resulting classifier to misclassify some of them. This problem is obvious with Naïve Bayes classifier, in which the new documents may cause the probability terms to be inaccurately estimated. As a solution to this problem, we propose to combine the Fine Tuning Naive Bayesian algorithm (FTNB) in the semi-supervised cycle. To evaluate the effectiveness of our proposed approach, it was tested on 18 multi-class text classification datasets donated by George Forman/Hewlett-Packard Labs. Our experiments show that embedding the FTNB algorithm improves the accuracy of the Co-Training semi-supervised NB classifier and provides significantly better results for most text-classification datasets.
Keyword: Machine learning, Text classification, Naïve Bayes classifier, Fine Tuning Naive Bayesian algorithm, accuracy improvement

Farming and Construction Works in Ivory Coast: An Opportunity to Discover Archaeological Sites

N'ZI Dibié Charles
Significant archaeological sites of Ivory Coast were discovered during farming and construction works. Actually, since the construction works of the colonial period in Ivory Coast, there has been a close connection between archaeological finds, farming and construction works (roads, highways, dams, bridges, buildings, etc.). Due to the lack of regular and extensive archaeological surveys, farming and construction works are also recurring means of incidental archaeological sites finds in Ivory Coast. The background is that archaeological researches have not yet been thoroughly regulated by a specific law for archaeology. In fact, the current National Heritage Act (1987) is drawn on the colonial law pattern and is therefore outdated now. Consequently, the archaeological heritage is being destroyed by various agricultural works and construction of infrastructures.
This article point out the undivided relationship between farming and construction work with archaeological finds throughout Ivorian history, from the first finds recorded in 1903 till today. And, show the need to adjust the national legislation in order to implement Archaeological Impact Assessments (AIA).

Keywords: Farming, construction works; archaeological finds; national legislation; Archaeological Impact Assessments

Effect of Virtual Laboratory Simulation on Senior Secondary School Student’ Knowledge of Some Science Process Skills in Practical Chemistry in Ogoja Education Zone, Cross River State

Adah, Stephen Akomaye
A quasi-experimental design of pretest-posttest control group was adopted to investigate the effect of virtual laboratory simulation on senior secondary school students’ knowledge of some science process skills in practical Chemistry in Ogoja Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. A total of one hundred and thirty three (133) senior secondary two (SS2) Chemistry Students randomly drawn from a population of 2,705 students in 63 co-educational public secondary schools formed the study sample. The experimental group was taught practical Chemistry using Virtual Laboratory Simulation instruction only. One validated instrument titled Knowledge of Science Process Skill Test (KSPST) with reliability index of 0.79 established via Kuder-Richardson formula-20 was used for data collection. Three research questions and three null hypotheses guided the study. The mean scores were used to answer research questions while Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings showed significant effect of Virtual laboratory Simulation on SS2 students’ knowledge of some science process skills in practical Chemistry in favor of experimental group and there is no significant main effect of gender on students’ knowledge of science process skills. From the findings, it is thus recommended amidst others that science teachers should adopt virtual Laboratory Simulation to enhance Students’ Knowledge of Science Process Skills.
Keywords: Virtual Laboratory Simulation, Science Process Skills, Chemistry, Gender

Spatial and Seasonal Variability of Mixed Layer Depth in the Tropical Atlantic at 10 °W Using 40 Years of Observation Data

Kouame Kanga Désiré, Kouassi Aka Marcel, Trokourey Albert, Toualy Elisée, N’guessan K. Benjamin, Brehmer Patrice and Ostrowski Marek

The spatial and seasonal variability of the mixed layer depth (MLD) was studied using hydrological data from several databases collected over the period October 1973 to March 2017 at 10 °W between latitudes 2 °N and 10 °S in the Gulf of Guinea. The density threshold method with 0.03 kg m-3 criterion was used to calculate the MLD. In the equatorial band, the seasonal average MLD is 20 m whatever the season. At 6 °S and 10 °S, the MLD is relatively higher during the cold season. The MLD varies between 21 and 37 m at 6 °S, and the seasonal averages MLD are 21 and 40 m respectively during the hot and cold seasons. At 10 °S, during the hot season, the MLD varies between 28 and 52 m and the seasonal average is 39.5 m. During the cold season, the MLD varies between 45 and 55 m with a seasonal average of 49 m.
Keywords: Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Guinea, Mixed Layer, Spatial Variability, Seasonal Variability.

Level of Manifest Aggressive behaviours among Secondary School Students in Calabar, Nigeria

M. O. Ajah, M. O. Okon and E. J. Uba
The study investigated the level of manifest aggressive behaviours ‘among secondary school students in Calabar, Nigeria. Three dimensions of aggressive behaviours that are common among the students namely: Physical, verbal and social aggressions were investigated. Differences in manifest aggression among male and female students were also investigated. The study answered three research questions. Descriptive survey research design was adopted .A sample of 167 senior secondary 2 students (SS2) from three public co-educational secondary schools in Calabar Metropolis was used for the study. Behaviour Assessment Questionnaire for Secondary School Students (BAQSSS) with a reliability coefficient of 0.952 was used for data collection; Descriptive statistics was used to answer the research questions. The results of the study revealed high level of manifest aggressive behavious among the students. About 41.9%, 64.1% and 53.9% of the subjects respectively manifested high level of physical, verbal and social aggression, with verbal aggression as the most typical of the three. Physical and social aggressions are more prevalent among males, while verbal aggression is more predominant among females. It was recommended among others that proactive measures such as the use of psychotherapies should be taken to help reduce the high level of manifest aggressive behaviours among the student.
Keywords: Level, manifest, aggressive behaviours, secondary school students.

Caractérisation Alimentaire et Valeur Nutritionnelle des Pulpes Fermentés du Fruit du Palmier Raffia «PANDE», un Aliment du Congo-Brazzaville

Limingui Polo C.P., Lebonguy A.A., Goma-Tchimbakala J., Lembella Boumba A.E1, Bokamba Moukala M. and Diatewa M.
Dans le contexte de crise économique mondiale actuelle, la valorisation des aliments fermentés avec une haute valeur nutritionnelle peut être une solution pour lutter contre la malnutrition. L’objectif de cette étude était d’évaluer la qualité nutritionnelle des pulpes fermentées des fruits du palmier raphia ou Pandé. Cet aliment fermenté est consommé dans la partie septentrionale du Congo-Brazzaville. Une enquête préalable, basée sur un questionnaire englobant les questions sur les vendeurs et l’aliment, a été réalisée dans trois marchés d’approvisionnement situés au nord de Brazzaville. Ensuite, l’aliment fermenté a été préparé à partir des fruits du palpier raphia. Les analyses physicochimiques, pour déterminer la valeur nutritionnelle du Pandé, ont été réalisées selon les méthodes classiques (AOAC, méthode au soxhlet, spectrophotométrie et spectroscopie d’absorption atomique). Les résultats de l’enquête ont montré que le Pandé est peu connu à Brazzaville. Seules 20 femmes ont été recensées dans les trois marchés comme vendeuses des fruits et/ou pulpes du palmier raphia. Il s’agit d’une vente saisonnière. La plupart des enquêtés (75%) sont agés de plus de 40 ans. S’agissant des vertus médicinales du Pandé, 94,44% des femmes ont témoigné avoir été guéries de la colopathie et 5,56% ont affirmé les effets positifs sur le diabète et les faiblesses sexuelles. L’analyse physicochimque a montré que le Pandé contient 12,18 % de protéines, 54,6 % de lipides, 28,31 % de sucres totaux, 1,7 % de fibres alimentaires, 2,61 % de cendres, de 51,53 mg/100g phosphore, 158 mg/100g de magnesium, 2,425 mg/100g de fer et 189,8 mg/100g de calcium avec une densité énergétique de 652,16 kcal/100g. En conclusion, la valeur nutritionnelle du Pandé est appréciable. Bien qu’il soit peu connu, il est essentiel de vulgariser sa consommation pour lutter contre la malnutrition chez les populations congolaises à faible révenu.
Motsclés : valeur nutritionnelle, aliment fermenté, Pandé, palmier raphia, pulpes.

Utilization of Internet Resources and Academic Performance of Educational Technology Students in Faculty of Education, University of Calabar - Nigeria

Ukwetang John Okpa, Eja Iwara Eja, Itu, Prince-charles Omin and James, Daniel Daniel
The study examined the utilization of internet resources and academic performance of Educational Technology Students in faculty of education, University of Calabar, Nigeria. Four research questions were posed and four hypotheses formulated to guide the study. Related literatures in the variables involved internet resources and academic performance of Educational Technology students were reviewed. The research design adopted for this study was survey research design. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire of twenty-five (25) items titled internet resources and academic performance of educational technology students in the faculty of education. The samples of 133 educational technology students were randomly selected from a population of 333 in the educational technology unit in the study area. Their responses were used as data to answer the research questions using Pearson product moment correlation coefficient analysis at .05 level of significance. The findings revealed that e-journals, e-books, e-blogs/forum and search engine have a significant relationship on the academic performance of educational technology students. In the light of these findings, it was recommended that awareness should be created and importance be placed on the various internet resources, students should be educated on the proper use of this available internet resources to enhance effective outcome.
Keyword : Utilization; Resources; Academic performance; Internet; Technology

Conservation Durable des Aires Protégées et Motivation des Ressources Humaines: Cas du Projet Autonome Pour la Conservation du Parc National de Taï (PACPNT), en Côte d’Ivoire

Yeo Napari Elisée, Koffi Yeboa Alexis, Toure Dramane Mohamed and Ouattara Kassoum Dramane
Created in July 1993, the Autonomous Project for the Conservation of Taï National Park (PACPNT) has for main objective the sustainable conservation of this protected area.
This project has achieved excellent results during its implementation. However, he was repeatedly confronted with many difficulties mainly related to human resources. This study was therefore carried out in order to capitalize on the experience of this structure, and to diagnose any dissatisfaction or possible needs of the staff.
To carry out the study, we adopted the classic approach of documentation, observation and investigation.
The present study reveals that there were many needs at the level of PACPNT agents, despite the staff motivation policy implemented. The dominance of needs varies according to status and position. category of workers. By classifying them into three categories entitled, subsistence needs, relationship needs, progression needs, it emerges that:
1) Managers are sensitive to the needs of subsistence, professional relations and professional advancement;
2) Water and Forestry agents are more sensitive to subsistence needs: salary and security;
3) Private and civil servant staff are sensitive to professional relations needs;
4) Civil servants are more sensitive to subsistence needs, especially salaries.
Keyword : Taï national Park, protected area, human resources, motivation, project