European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 156 No 3
May, 2020

The Role of Information Security on Enhancing Cloud Computing Effectiveness in Jordanian Commercial Banks
242-252
Majd AL-Hawamdeh Essien, Essien Ekpenyong, Cecilia, K. Essien, Effiom, John Edwin and Onnoghen, Usang Nkanu
Abstract:
This study aimed to test the role of information security on enhancing cloud computing effectiveness in Jordanian Commercial Banks. The study adopted a five-dimensional scale to measure information security (confidentiality, physical security, application security, availability, identity management), while the cloud computing effectiveness was measured through six dimensions: control, transmission costs, accuracy, performance, reliability and privacy. To achieve study aims, a descriptive-analytical method was used equal random sample. The study was conducted on a sample of (212) employees working in these banks. This study found that there is a high-level average for information security dimensions and cloud computing effectiveness dimensions. Also, the results showed a significant impact of information security dimensions (confidentiality, physical security, application security, availability, identity management) on cloud computing effectiveness. It was also evident that there a significant impact of information security on cloud computing effectiveness dimensions (control, transmission costs, accuracy, performance, reliability and privacy).
Keywords: Information Security, Cloud Computing Effectiveness, Commercial Banks, Jordan.


Students’ Perception of Teachers’ Subject Mastery, Classroom Management and Students’ Academic Performance in Chemistry in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State, Nigeria
253-261
Melvina N. Amalu, Maria Enemeba Ngwu, Lucy Obil Arop and Imo Martin Obot
Abstract:
The paper investigated the influence of students’ perception of teachers’ subject mastery and classroom management on students’ academic performance in chemistry in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State, Nigeria. The design of the study was descriptive survey while the population consist of all Senior Secondary two (SS11) students in the area of study. The sample was 200 SS2 students who were composed through simple and stratified random sampling technique from the population. Relevant data for answering the two hypotheses were collected from the sample through the administration of Students’ Perception of Teachers’ Attitude to Work Questionnaire (SPTAWQ) on them. The Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient of sections B and C of the instrument were .73 and .84 respectively. Two hypotheses were tested with One-way Analysis of Variance statistics and the result showed significant positive influence of students’ perception of subject mastery, classroom management on students’ academic performance. These results were discussed and some recommendations were also made. One of the recommendations is that students should have positive perception of their teacher and the subject as well, as this will help motivate interest and enhance academic performance.
Keyword: Perception, subject mastery, classroom, management, performance.


Analyzing Volatility of Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) with Historical Events around Breakpoints: ICSS Algorithm Approach
262-274
Faroque Ahmed, Md. Monirul Islam and Md. Mazharul Islam
Abstract:
This paper inspects the types of incidence that lead to the hefty changes in the volatility of Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE). We identify when the bulky shifts in the volatility of DSE returns takes place and then determine the local events at the time of change in volatility. An Iterated Cumulative Sum of Squares (ICSS) algorithm is used to detect the points of abrupt quakes in the variance of returns. DSE General Index & DSE Broad Index daily data are combinedly collected from 1st January, 2003 to 29 July, 2019. Our contribution is to detect each point of changes in the volatility. Then the study sightsees around the events and policy regime over those detected periods. The findings help the policy makers to modify and execute discussed rules and regulations in order to avoid such collapses in future.
Keyword: Dhaka Stock market, Volatility, ICSS algorithm, DSE, GARCH, Historical Break Points.

Experimental Study of Mechanical Performance, Mill Output and Grindability of Portland Cement Made With Calcareous Shale as Additive
275-284
Mambou Ngueyep Luc Leroy, Keyangue Tchouata Jules Hermann, Tchapga Gnamsi Guy Molay, Souaibou Fatoumata Adda and Ndjaka Jean-Marie Bienvenu1
Abstract:
The present work deals with the valorization of calcareous shale rejected from Bidzar quarry activities in CPJ35 cement production. The Lab tests performed with normal limestone cement additive at 31%, used as our control sample compared to the addition of calcareous shale at 31% and the mix limestone – calcareous shale at 29% and 5% in cement respectively. Chemical composition and physico-mechanical analyses of these samples show that the incorporation of 31% of calcareous shale could be an effective method for valorization from both the environmental and economic points of view. Industrial trial with the addition of calcareous shale cementitious at 29% confirmed an increase in mill output of 3.4t/h for CPJ35.
Keywords: Limestone; Calcareous shale; grinding; mill output; cement Portland.



Socio-Cultural Practices Affecting the Girl Child Education in Ebonyi State, Nigeria
285-294
Edinyang Sunday David, Okeke Stella Uchechukwu, Ushie Doris, Ekuri Patrick George and Nkem Ewa Usang
Abstract:
The work discussed the impact of some socio-cultural practices such as cultural and traditional beliefs, poverty, early marriage, female genital mutilation, and parent attitude towards the girl child and how it affects girl child education in Ebonyi State. Girl child education has attracted attention worldwide. Its education is aimed at preparing the girl child as a great weapon that prepares her in solving different challenges of life. It will empower the girl child to achieve fulfilment and also be productive in various aspects of life. Educating a girl child will enhance social development, economic growth, and development. Training a girl child gives her the right and privilege to live a fulfilled life for education nurtures and prepares her to serve humanity. Training them in both informal and formal education prepares them to develop and use the great potentials in them to affect anyone around them.
Keywords: Socio-Cultural, Practices, Girl Child, Education, Ebonyi State.

Evaluation of Determinants of Deviant Behaviour among University of Calabar Learners: Implications for Social Science Education
295-307
Edinyang Sunday David, Effiom John Edwin, Ushie Doris, Adams Amina Odugbo and Ekuri Patrick George
Abstract:
This study evaluated the determinants of deviant behaviour among students: Implications for Social Science Education. Two research questions were used for the investigation. The review of literature was completed in line with the factors under investigation. The survey research design was used. The simple random system was utilized in choosing 205 respondents inspected for the investigation. The result reveals that family background and media influence are for the most part determinants of students’ deviant behaviour.
Keywords: Family background, Media, deviant behaviour, Students, Social Science, Parents.


Religion, the Escape Route for the Masses: The Nigerian Experience
308-314
Rachel D. Uche
Abstract:
Years ago, the world renowned economist, Karl Marx, came to the conclusion that religion is the opium of the masses. This study therefore, sought to establish the extent to which individuals in Nigeria have become obsessed with religion as a way of escape from their dismal realities. Using the ex-post facto design, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study and a sample size of 200 was drawn through accidental sampling technique from a population that comprised all religious worshippers in churches located in Calabar Metropolis. Through questionnaire, data was collected and analyzed using Independent t-test technique. Results indicated significant difference in religious obsessions based on gender and on socioeconomic status (SES). It was concluded that religion has become an escape route for individuals experiencing economic deprivations. The recommendation is for counselors to work with other pressure groups towards advocacy for good governance and poverty alleviation, among others.
Keywords: Denial, Solace, Spirituality, Fanaticism.


Quality of Teaching, Corporate Image and Satisfaction of Students Enrolled In the Night Session of a Brazilian Private University: A Study with Structural Equation Modeling
315-326
Paulo Roberto da Costa Vieira, Irene Troccoli Raguenet, Ettore de Carvalho Oriol and Hugo Rafael Dias
Abstract:
Since 2014, the Brazilian economy has undergone a process of recession followed by stagnation, with end still unknown. This poor economic performance has provoked an increase in the unemployment rate, causing lower demand in several markets, including education. In this recessive environment, competition in the learning industry has intensified, especially in the university segment. The corporate image and loyalty of students has become a priority to expand market share. This study investigates the effect of the quality of service of a Brazilian private university on student satisfaction, corporate image and loyalty. A total of 112 questionnaires were distributed to students from a renowned private university in the city of Rio de Janeiro and 98 were fully answered. The data were analyzed through structural equation modeling. The results showed that general student satisfaction affects the corporate image and loyalty, but not all dimensions of service quality have this effect. The Brazilian students in our sample did not attribute high relevance to academic aspects, including excellence of the faculty, since the professor is considered the main barrier to reach the most critical goal for the night students of the Brazilian private university studied, namely a university diploma.
Keywords: Service Quality; Corporate Image; Student Satisfaction; Loyalty; Structural Equation Modeling
JEL Classification: C39; C51; I29


The Impact of External Environment Factors on Business Continuity Management to Promoting the Higher Education Excellence in Oman
327-340
Ismail Bin Abdullah Albulushi, Hani Jaza’a Irtaimah and Mohammad Mansour Al-Khasawaneh
Abstract:
The study deals the external environment factors and their influence on the Business Continuity Management (BCM) in Omani higher education institutions. Whereas, the debility of control the external factors by academic institutions to business continuity, therefore, the study focuses on the economic, social, legal, technological, and political factors as a basis for the external environment factors. On the other hand, BCM factors include the understanding of academic institutions and the nature of its work, drafting a BCM strategy, developing and implementing a BCM response, sustaining business continuity plans. The research method used the descriptive analytical approach to examine the influencing of external environment factors on BCM. Consequently, a comprehensive survey was conducted on 110 of the leadership of the (28) private higher education institutions in Oman, a total of 99 participants (90%) have responded, and series of data analyses of variables measurement for reliability and validity test of predictors were performed.. The findings show that the external environment factors have positively affected of the BCM. Specifically, there are significant relationship between legal, social, and technological factors on BCM in the private higher education institutions in Oman. From the other side, the absence of impact for the economic and political factors can be attributed to the stability of the economic and political situation in Oman. In addition, the willingness of private higher education institutions in Oman to deal with economic and political factors is primarily subject to the laws and regulations issued by government leaders in the country.
Keywords: External Environment Factors, Business Continuity Management (BCM), Higher Education Institutions, Oman.

Influence of Gender and Age on Psychological Disorders among Undergraduates of University of Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.
341-347
Njoku, Joy N., Achi Ndifon Bekomson and Ofoegbu Jude Uzodinma
Abstract:
This study was on “influence of gender and age on psychological disorders among undergraduates of University of Calabar, Nigeria. The design adopted for the study is Expost-Factor research design. The population of the study was 1780 level two students of the Faculty of Education University of Calabar in 2017/2018 academic session. Random sampling technique was used to select two hundred and sixty-seven (267) students from the population. A self constructed questionnaire was used for data collection after due validation by experts. The research questions were converted to research hypotheses and tested using independent T-test for gender and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for age. The results of the analysis showed that female students showed higher psychological disorders than their male counterparts. It was also seen that older students showed higher level of psychological disorders than the younger students. The researchers recommended that female students should be given adequate emotional and physical protection in the campuses. Parents and guardians should also endavour to let their children go to school at early age when their responsibilities are less.
Keywords: influence, gender, age, psychological, disorder and undergraduates.