European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 156 No 2
May, 2020

Biospheric Value Orientation and Attitude toward Environmental Management in Yakurr Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria: Implication for Social Studies Education
118-130
Essien, Essien Ekpenyong, Cecilia, K. Essien, Effiom, John Edwin and Onnoghen, Usang Nkanu
Abstract:
This study examined biospheric value orientation and attitude toward environmental management in Yakurr Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. One hypothesis was formulated to guide the study. Literature review was carried out based on the variable under study. Survey research design was utilized. An accidental sampling technique was used in selecting the 150 respondents sampled for the study. A validated 20 items four point modified likert scale questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The reliability estimate of the instrument was 0.79 using Cronbach Alpha reliability method. Data was analysed using Simple linear regression statistical tool. The result of the study revealed that there is a significant influence of biospheric value orientation and attitude toward environmental management in Yakurr Local Government Area. It was recommended that Governmental and Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), tertiary institutions and schools should focus more on raising people's awareness about the environment in order to help them form biospheric values that can produce positive attitudes toward the utilization of environmental resources.
Keywords: Value orientation, Biospheric value orientation, Attitude, Environmental management.


Gender and Consistent Hand Hygiene Adherence among Staff and Students of University of Calabar during the Ebola Outbreak in Nigeria
131-137
Undelikwo, Veronica Akwenabuaye, Eneji, Rosemary Ine and Ikpi, Ntongha Eni
Abstract:
People’s attitude to healthy behaviours is a function of psychological, socio-economic, cultural and socio-demographic factors. Though all these factors may influence ones adoption of healthy behaviour, the focus of this study was to determine if gender influenced the adoption of healthy behaviour during the Ebola outbreak in Nigeria. The study sought to examine the influence of gender on the consistent hand washing and other hygienic practices in University of Calabar. The respondents for this study were 798 staff and students of the University of Calabar. A survey was conducted using questionnaire to generate data. Two hypotheses were tested using the Pearson chi-square correlation coefficient. There was no statistical difference between gender and frequency of hand washing during the Ebola outbreak. However, differences in three of the six possible hygienic practices necessary to stay safe during the Ebola outbreak were significant. The study advocates early awareness on personal hygiene on both gender for consistent adaptation to hand washing and other hygienic practices in and out of epidemic.
Keyword: Gender, hygiene, Ebola, outbreak, hand washing.


Effect of Cooperative Learning Strategy on Senior Secondary School Students’ Academic Performance in Biology in Cross River State, Nigeria
138-144
Ihejiamaizu, Christiana Chinyere, Neji, Hope Amba and Agiande, Innocent Undie
Abstract:
This study investigated the effect of cooperative learning strategy on students’ academic performance in Biology in Cross River State, Nigeria. The study used pretest, posttest control group quasi-experimental design. A total number of three hundred and fifty (350) Biology students were used for the study. The respondents were randomly selected from four (4) public secondary schools in Cross River State. Instrument adopted was Biology Performance Test (BAT) administered before and after the treatment. Two research questions were raised which was translated into two null hypotheses. The reliability of the instrument was ascertained using Kudar-Richardson’s formula (KR-20) which yielded a reliability coefficient of (0.86). Data obtained was analyzed using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Result of analysis revealed that there is a significant effect of cooperative learning strategy and students’ academic performance in biology. Moreso, gender does not significantly contribute to the variance in academic performance of students in biology. Based on the finding of this study, it is recommended that biology teachers’ should adopt cooperative learning strategy to foster academic performance of students in biology.
Keyword: Cooperative learning, Academic performance in Biology, Gender.

Examining Social Studies Curriculum in Nigeria among Global Realities: Issues, Challenges and the Way Forward
145-159
Unimna, Fidelis Abunimye, Essien, Ekpenyong Essien, Veronica Nakanda Effiom and Ele Blessing Godwin
Abstract:
The focal point of this paper was on examining Social Studies Curriculum in Nigeria among Global Realities: Issues, Challenges and the way forward. A national method ofsocial responsibility, which is the standard forSocial Studies curriculum in Nigeria, is not capable of extrapolating the difficulty of global issues and their consequencesthe larger society. Global/contemporary issues in Social Studies Curriculum were captured in this study to include Social Studies Curriculum review, democratizing teaching approaches, tactics and procedures, inadequate instructional materials in Social Studies Curriculum and finally problems of national integration. The history of Social Studies Curriculum in Nigeria was demystified as spelt out by the National Curriculum Conference of 1969. In a related development, a comparative analysis of Social Studies Curriculum on K-12 structure of various countries such as Nigeria, China, South Korea and United State of America were depicted in a tabular format. Also, the significance of Social Studies Curriculum were clearly itemized to encompass continuum learning from childhood to adulthood as a basis for the needed social integration in a modern industrial society. The study observed that while there is a strong base for global studies, substantial aspects of moral values that will help to combat global realities are often ignored in the Social Studies curriculum.The study recommended that curriculum experts in the field of Social Studies should integrate all aspects of moral values, democratic values, commitment, decision making process and problem solving skills into the Social Studies curriculum in order to effectively address global realities in the society.
Keywords: Social Studies, Social Studies Curriculum, Global Realities, Issues.Challenges.



Heads of Departments Instructional Leadership Skills and the Effective Teaching of Social Studies by Academic Staff in Colleges of Education in Cross River State, Nigeria
160-171
Edinyang, Sunday David, Effiom, John Edwin and Opoh, Frederick Awhen
Abstract:
This study examined instructional leadership skills of Head of Departments and Social Studies teaching of academic staff in Colleges of Education, Cross River State, Nigeria. Two research questions were formulated to guide the study. The literature review was carried out based on the variables under study. The ex-post facto research design was utilized. A stratified random sampling technique was used in selecting the 87respondents sampled for the study. A validated 20 items four-point Likert scale questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The reliability estimate of the instrument was 0.86 using the Cronbach Alpha reliability method. Data were analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation. The result of the study revealed that there is a significant relationship between academic staff motivation, promotion of staff development through workshops and seminars programmes and the quality of Social Studies teaching. It was recommended that Heads of Departments should plan appropriate and working in-service preparing programmes through workshops and classes to help scholastic staff morale and also guarantee that training is carried out oftentimes to guarantee they adapt to changing innovative conditions and hierarchical atmosphere in schools.
Keywords: Instructional leadership skills, Social Studies Teaching, Staff motivation, Staff development programmes, Workshops, Seminars, Training and retraining, Head of Departments.

Innovation Applied to Access Control in Residential Condominiums: A Case Study on the Adoption of Technology in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro
172-184
Michel Chamovitz, André Yves Cribb, Marcia Cova, Ilan Chamovitz,Clayton Pereira Gonçalves and Miriam Vidal Cristina
Abstract:
This article presents a case study on the adoption of technology, especially that used in autonomous access to housing, also called virtual gateways, particularly of a residential condominium in the West Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro.
Keywords: Virtual ordinance, autonomous access, technology adoption, condominiums.


ICT Accessibility for Learners with Special Needs in Basic School Levels in South-South, Nigeria
185-196
Ikwen, Emmanuel Uminya, Olayi James Eburikure and Akpan, Victor Bassey
Abstract:
The paper determined the extent to which ICT has been made accessible to learners with special needs at the basic school level in terms of availability of such ICT planning issues as ICT policy objective, means and principles of ICT policy development and legal basis of ICT policy development in the South-South Zone of Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was used in the study. Two research questions and two hypotheses were posed for the study while the 88,567 basic school teachers in the six states that make up the South-South Zone formed the population of the study. One thousand, seven hundred and seventy-one (1,771) teachers selected through stratified sampling techniques constituted the sample of the study. Provision of the main principles of ICT Policy Development in Special Needs Education Teacher Questionnaire (PPICTPDSNETQ) and Provision of Legal Basis of ICT Policy Development in Special Needs Education Teacher Questionnaire (PLBICTPDSNETQ) were used as instruments for data collection. The statistical tools used for data analysis were simple percentages and simple regression analysis (Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis). Results showed that the level of availability of ICT policy objectives, principles of ICT policy development and legal basis of ICT policy development is significantly low in Nigeria. Consequently, there is no ICT policy plan in special needs education in Nigeria that clearly identifies the main objectives of ICT policy development, principles and means of ICT policy development, nor provides the legal basis of ICT policy development in special needs education in Nigeria.
Keywords: ICT, Accessibility, Learners with Special Needs, Basic School Level.


The Security Awareness and Security Practices in Prevention of Ransomware Attacks: Case Study of Shaqra University
197-217
Naif Alotaibi
Abstract:
Digitalization has helped in reducing crime rates around the world but on at the same time it creates a problematic gap of the personal security and security of confidential information of individual users or even for organizations. At present, there are many types of cyber-attacks and Ransomware is also one of them. As this is a quite new attacks among other malicious virus, security awareness and enhanced cyber security policies are considered to be an effective tool in preventing ransomware attacks. This research is going to understand the security awareness and effectiveness of existing IT security policies and Shaqra University from Saudi Arabia has been used as case study for this research. And finally based on the findings, recommendations have been provided to increase the security awareness regarding ransomware attacks as well as to improve the security level in preventing further ransomware attacks.


Effect of Involvement, Flow Experience, Brand Image, Atmospherics, and Experiential Value on Visitors' Revisit Intentions—A Case Study of a Cultural and Creative Park in Kaohsiung City
218-234
Chueh-Shih Lin
Abstract:
This study mainly investigates the effect of visitors' perceived involvement, flow experience, brand image, and atmospherics on their experiential value and revisit intentions. A conceptual framework of the visitors' revisit intentions with respect to cultural and creative parks was established and analyzed by means of structural equation modeling (SEM). From January 1, 2019 to March 31, 2019, a total of 500 questionnaires were administered to the visitors of a cultural and creative park in Kaohsiung City, in which 368 were recovered. Overall, there were 352 valid questionnaires, which indicates an effective recovery rate of 95.65%. The empirical results showed that the direct effects of involvement, flow experience, brand image, and atmospherics on visitors' revisit intentions were not statistically significant. However, with experiential value as a mediator, these variables had indirect effects on visitors' revisit intentions. This indicates that constructs in the customer facet (involvement and flow experience) and cultural industry facet (brand image and atmospherics) are important factors influencing visitors' revisit intentions. In addition, experiential value is proven to be a mediator variable for these constructs.
Keywords: Involvement, flow experience, brand image, atmospherics, experiential value, revisit intention, cultural and creative park.

Admission Racketeering in Nigerian Universities: Issues and the Way Forward
235-241
Adenike O. Kolawole
Abstract:
Money-for-admission process has become an obvious perversion of the ‘admisioneering’ process in Nigerian universities. The government, parents, lecturers, school administrators and students are all major players in this ignoble act. The process has blemished the university system and affected the quality of graduates produced by these universities. More worrisome is the fact that these students who obtained admission through the backdoor buy their way through the university. As a matter of fact, every individual must realise that university admission should be based on merit. Nowadays, there are many average but rich students working on campus at the expense of brilliant students who deserve admission but due to their inability to pay the astronomical fees charged by racketeers are robbed of admission. This paper therefore, examined the concept of admission racketeering, its issues in Nigerian universities and the way forward.
Keywords: Admission racketeering, School administrators, Nigerian universities.