European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 148 No 3
February, 2018

Environnement Et Conscience Sanitaire Des Commerçants Et Consommateurs De Wassakara A Yopougon (Cote D’ivoire)
Fulbert TRA and Nadège Ahou Kouadio Konan
The objective of this article is to analyze the health consciousness of traders and consumers in relation to the environment of the market of wassakara in the commune of Yopougon.
This awareness is captured here through their practices of food hygiene. By adopting an inductive logic, we relied on documentary research, direct observation and interviewing during the survey, to collect data that served to account for the complexity of the relationship between environmental hygiene and Food hygiene and the resulting health risk.
It emerges from this work that the insalubrity around the sale of the various food products is explained by the ideologies and practices developed by the different actors. This would legitimize their behaviors and attitudes in the management of the environmental framework of the Wassakara market in Côted'Ivoire.
Keywords: Healthy Eating, Unhealthy, Environmental and Health Consciousness, Health Risk, Wassakara.

Does Profitability of Jordanian Commercial Banks Get Affected by Risk Management Practices?
Ahmad Alqisie
Results of several studies have indicated that risk management practices have important role in determining the profitability of companies and banks around the world. Therefore, the current study tries to explore this role in (13) Jordanian commercial banks during the period (2010-2015). Data regarding variables were collected from the annual financial statements of the sample study. Return on assets represents the profitability of banks, while risks management practices consist of liquidity, operational, credit and market risks. The study used two ratios to symbolize each type of risk. The ordinary least square method (Fixed effect and Random effect) was used to test the hypothesis. The study revealed that, risk management practices as a whole explains a significant part of the variation in banks profitability. The results also showed that, only operational risk management practices significantly affect the profitability, while liquidity, credit and market risks have insignificant effect. The implications of these results indicated that Jordanian commercial banks (JCB) have successfully managed liquidity, credit, operating income and market risks during the study period, but at the same time failed to manage operational risk represented in overheads.
Keywords: risk management practices, profitability, Jordanian commercial banks.

Indicators of Hydroclimatic Extreme Hazards to Flooding in the Ouémé Watershed in Bénin
KODJA Domiho Japhet, AMOUSSOU Ernest, QUENUM Gandome Mayeul Léger Davy, MAHE Gil, PATUREL Jean-Emmanuel and BOKO Michel
Benin, like most of West African countries, has been in recent years affected by several episodes of extreme rainfall events, with disastrous consequences both in ecosystems as in local societies. This study aims to analyze the indicators of extreme hydroclimatic hazards during flooding in the Ouémé watershed at Bonou’s outlet. We used daily discharges and daily rainfall from 30 rainfall stations which are interpolated over 1951 to 2015. The unsupervised classification thresholder by percentile and the surveyed classification of the frequency of rainy days on fixed rainfall ranges, and in additional the index of daily rainfall intensity are used. Results indicate two main breakpoint at 1968 and 1987. The 1951-1968 was marked by strong hazards unlike to 1969-1987. The 1988-2015 compare to 1951-1968 experienced the same events but lower in thresholds to the latter. Results showed a decreasing of rainy according to 1-5 mm; 5-10 mm; 10-20 mm and rainfall greater than 50 mm. The same method has been applied to the 5-10 mm in the central and northern. The 90th, 95th and 99th percentiles of rainfall after the breakpoint are generally lower than what it got in the previous period. High floods very high floods and extreme flows are ranging from 59 to 1123 m3/s; 81 to 1161 m3/s and 104-1330 m3/s. These results may be taken to decision support tools for the management of flooding at Ouémé watershed.
Keywords: Indicators, variability, hydroclimatic hazards, flood.

Anemie Et Pathologies Associees Au Service De Medecine Generale Du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire De Yaounde –Cameroun
Marie Chantal Essome Ngonde, Marie Noelle. Bissek and Julie Judith Tsafack
The causes of anemia are nutritional deficiencies, parasitoses and chronic infections. The aim of our study is to evaluate the prevalence of anemia over one year of consultation in the department of general medicine of the University teaching Hospital of Yaoundé-Cameroun, to highlight the risk factors and the pathologies associated with this anemia. It is a prospective and descriptive study. All patients were subjected to a blood count, a thick drop and a coprology done in the hospital's laboratory, and additional tests were performed if necessary.The results were as follows: the prevalence of anemia was 20.94%. Results showed that women were more anemic (16.68%) than men (4.25%) across all age groups, and this difference was significant; P = 0.0001. Patients aged less than 26 years were more anemic than other age groups, nevertheless anemia had no statistical association with age; P = 0.2. In addition, students were statistically more anemic (8.40%) than workers (6.71%) and housewives (5.83%), the difference observed was significant; P = 0.001. Finally, our study revealed that patients with nutritional deficiencies were statistically more anemic (10.97%) than those in other groups: malaria (5.26%), HIV and tuberculosis (2.68%), haemopathy, Parasitosis, kaolin addiction or geophagia, renal failure, cancer and polymorrhea (1.98%); P = 0.001. Anemia is a public health problem in Cameroon where the majority of the population suffers from deficient anemia. Students and women were the populations at risk for anemia.
Keywords: anemia, students, women, nutritional deficiency, Cameroon.

Corporate Governance and Profitability of Nigerian Banks
Agbaeze, E.K and Ogosi, Chinedu Daniel
This study examined the impact of corporate governance on profitability of Nigerian banks for the period 2005 to 2015. The ex-post facto research design was adopted and data were obtained from the annual financial statements and accounts of five selected banks in Nigeria. Profitability was measured by profit after tax while the number of members in the board was used as a measure of corporate governance. The number of employee was introduced as a control variable. Correction and Regression test statistic was used to test the hypotheses stated. The correlation result revealed that there is a positive relationship between profitability of Nigerian banks and corporate governance measured by number of members in the board of Nigerian banks and also there was a positive relationship between profitability of Nigerian banks and the number of employees and, corporate governance measured by number of members on the board had a positive and significant impact on profitability of Nigerian banks. Again, the number of employees had positive and significant impact on profitability of Nigerian banks. The study therefore concluded that corporate governance had an impact on profitability of Nigerian banks. We therefore recommends that proper attention should be paid to on corporate governance in this part of the world as it has the potential to increase profitability of Nigerian banks.
Keywords: Corporate Governance, Profitability, Banks

On Fuzzy Fundamental Group and Their Foldings
M. Abu-Saleem
In this paper, we introduce the definition of a new type of the fundamental group called fuzzy fundamental group. Some types of conditional foldings and unfoldings restricted to the elements of the fuzzy fundamental groups are obtained. Also the fuzzy fundamental groups of the limit of foldings are deduced. The variant and invariant of the fuzzy fundamental group under the folding of the fuzzy manifold into itself are presented. Theorems and corollaries governing these studies are achieved.
Keywords: Manifold, Folding, fuzzy fundamental group.

Deregulation of the Nigerian Power Sector on Performance: A Review
Ukoha, Kalu and Agbaeze, E.K.
This paper reviewed literature on the impact of deregulation of the Nigerian power sector on performance. As observed from this study, the impact of deregulation of the Nigeria power sector has been frosty to say the least. However, the increase in numbers and size of generating, distribution and transmission companies and its attendant ability to improved power generation is presently not been felt. Deregulation was observed to have the potential to increase power supply in Nigeria. It is believed that when all the power stations granted licence by NERC becomes fully operational, power generation and distribution in Nigeria will improve. Just like the communication and oil sectors which have been fully deregulated, the competition which deregulation brings to the sector will assist in improving power sector performance in Nigeria. Thus, deregulation is necessary for improved performance of the Nigerian power sector.
Keywords: Deregulation, Performance, Power Sector.

European Union Directive on Mediation: Assessing the Developments and Challenges
Ali Khaled Ali Qtaishat, Hiyam Mah'd Harb Alshawabkeh and Hanadi Mahamoud Tawfek Saleh
The enactment of EU Directive on Mediation in 2008 has been a landmark achievement in the recent times in EU. The Directive promises to bring mediation at the centre-stage of dispute resolution paradigms, thus facilitating the cause of access to justice in member states of EU. The Directive has been largely welcome by the mediating communities across EU, except certain reservations over some key issues surrounding mediation Directive. The present paper aims to make a focussed study on the multi-faceted aspects of growing mediation discourse in EU domain. In doing so, it offers analysis and examination of the key provisions of EU Directive on Mediation. In the end denouement is provided drawn on the basis of relevant discussions in this paper.

The Impact of Supply Chain Management and Manufacturing Flow Management Practices on Competitive Advantage of Jordanian Industry
Rawan Thaher Al-tarawneh and Abdullah Ahmad Al-Shourah
Supply Chain Management (SCM) affects manufacturing companies in a variety of ways, including an availability of inputs needed for production processes, costs and profitability of manufactured items, company infrastructure and ways in which companies interact with their suppliers and customers. Understandings, that supply chain management and manufacturers flow management from both a daily operational perspective and a strategic viewpoint is important for all managers and entrepreneurs in the industry. Useful supply chain management (SCM) has become a potentially important way of securing competitive advantage since competition is no longer between organizations, but among supply chains. This research conceptualizes and develops five dimensions of SCM practice (supplier relationship management, manufacturing flow management, and product development and commercialization) and tests the relationships between these SCM processes and competitive advantage. Data for the study collected from prominent organizations and the relationships proposed in the framework tested using rigorous statistical techniques. The results show that higher levels of SCM processes can show the way to enhanced competitive advantage.
Keywords: Supply chain management, manufacturing flow management and competitive advantage.

Influence of Mulch on Raspberry Production
Kujtim Lepaja, Endrit Kullaj and Lavdim Lepaja
In this paper, the effect of mulch was investigated in Polka raspberry cane. This field experiment was designed to assess the vegetative and productive response of ‘Polka’ raspberry canes. Our study was conducted in Kosovo during 2014-2016 using a nested experimental design. In the first year of experiment the canes were mulched at a thickness of 10 cm. On vegetative and productive parameters each year the highest values were found in treatment with mulch. Total yield is influenced by weather condition, in first and third year of experiment the total yield are about 700 g/cane while in second year are about 500 g/cane. However, our result confirmed that mulch can be successfully applied in raspberry orchard also, is an ideal water saving technique, reduce evaporation, prevent weeds, add organic matter, increase production etc.
Keywords: wood chips, total yield, raspberry.