European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 129 No 4
February, 2015

Knowledge of Health Implications of Demineralised Water among Workers in Potable Drinking Water Producing Factories in Ilorin Metropolis
340-351
T. A. Adedeji, A. O. Awoyemi, N. O. Adedeji, O. A. Bolarinwa and R. S. Owolabi
Abstract:
Consumption of demineralized water can lead to serious health complications. We attempted determining the level of knowledge of health implications of demineralized water among workers in potable drinking water factories in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria.Systematic random sampling method was used to select 43 factories.Interviewer- administered semi-structured questionnaire was employed as instrument.
Only 34 (17.6%)of the respondentshad professional qualifications related to water purification. Majority (66.8%) had attended at least one training on water purification. Only 26.4% had excellent in-depth knowledge of the different methods of water purification. Combination of sedimentation, filtration and ultraviolet radiation was the most used method.
Most respondents 128 (66.3%) had excellent knowledge of the usefulness of water purification. About two-thirds of the respondents knew about minerals present in water. 38.3% knew the possibility and meaning of water demineralization. Mineral contents of the potable waters were less than minimum expected levels for magnesium and calcium. Only 70 (36.3%) of the respondents had good knowledge of health implications of demineralized water.
Combination of sedimentation, filtration and disinfection would be the best to preserve health-maintaining minerals in drinking water. There is also a need for awareness campaign of health implications of demineralized water among the producers.
Keywords: Knowledge, Health, Demineralized water, Implications

Calculation of Alpha Particle Range in Some Organic Compounds Energies (1000-100000)keV
352-359
Rashid O. Kadhim
Abstract:
Theoretical study have been done to calculated the Range for alpha particle in ten organic compounds which is: [ polypropylene(C3H6) ,Polycarbonate (C16H14O3), Mylar (C10H8O4), Polyvinylalcohol (C2H4O), Polyoxymethylene (CH2O), Polyacrylonitrile (C3H3N), Polyvinylpyrro-lidone (C6 H9NO), Polyvinylacetate (C4H6O2), Kapton (C22 H10 N2O5) , Bakelite (C44 H36O6) ], by using SRIM 2013 program written by Mathlab language. the range calculated to alpha particle for energy (1000-100000) keV , by using semi empirical equation and also correlation coefficient calculated between Range(SRIM) and Range(semi-emp) as. The results are agreed with the SRIM 2013 program, so our results showed to be good.
Keywords: alpha particle Range, organic compound.

Performance Characteristics of Cement Mortars based on Activated Fly Ashes
360-366
S K Chaturvedi and A K Sahu
Abstract:
The objective of the investigation was to see the activation potential of poor quality fly ashes and the impact of activated fly ash on strength development behavior in mortar samples. The paper highlights the availability and physical, chemical and mineralogical characteristics of flyash, its activation and experimental results of using activated fly ash in cement mortar. The results of mechanical activation by grinding of fly ash indicated improvement in terms of lime reactivity, fineness and glass content. The cement blends prepared using activated fly ashes showed that the performance of resultant mortar samples improved to a certain limit only. The interpretation of results obtained indicate that the strength development of fly ash containing cement blends have parameters, affecting the process of hydration reaction and strength development apart from the known ones which are being investigated and their extent of impact being established.
Keywords: Fly ash activation, lime reactivity, compressive strength, glass content, plerospheres

For Forecasting the Kuwaiti Dinar against the US Dollar
367-379
Wafaa Abdullah Al-Khroif and Adel Hussain Hammuda
Abstract:
This research will attempt to compare different time series models to forecast exchange rate of Kuwaiti Dinar against US Dollar. Methodology for building exponential smoothing models will be used for KD / US $ exchange rate data . The study is aimed to illustrate predictability performance among different competitive models of exponential smoothing models to forecast the exchange rate of Kuwaiti Dinar against US Dollar . The results of the study reveals that the best models are the following two models :
  • Triple Exponential Smoothing (Winter) ; A multiplicative Model.
  • Triple Exponential Smoothing (Winter) ; A multiplicative Model.
  • The selection of the candidate models was based on the following accuracy forecasting measures:
  • Mean Absolute Error (MAE)
  • Sum Square Error (SSE)
  • Mean Squared Error (MSE)
  • Mean Percentage Error (MPE)
  • Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE)
  • Keywords: Time series , Exponential Smoothing Models
    2014 Mathematical Subject Classification: 62M10

    Les Grabens Mio-Plio-Quaternaires Aux Confins Algéro-Tunisiens
    380-394
    N. Defaflia, M. Hamimed, L. Gouaidia, S. Boulamia and A. Djerrab
    Abstract:
    Tous les fossés d’effondrement dans les confins Algéro-Tunisiens coupent les structures atlasiques alpines d’âge fini- lutétien de direction approximative Nord 45º Est. La phase distensive miocène se manifeste par la création du bassin d’EL Ma Labiod au sud de Tébessa et des fossés d’Oulad Soukies à Ouènza et de Foussana-Kasserine en Tunisie. Deux phases alpines de plissements post-miocènes ont été ressenties dans les environs de Tébessa: les plissements du Pliocène inférieur (de contrainte maximale N0°-20°E et de directions des plis N90°-110°E), dont le stade distensif a provoqué l’effondrement du fossé de Morsott et les plissements du Villafranchien inférieur (de contrainte maximale N80°E et de direction des plis N170°E), dont le stade distensif a provoqué l’effondrement du fossé de Tébessa ainsi que celui de Hammamet. Le substratum des fossés de Tébessa et Hammamet est composé d’une mosaïque de horsts et grabens. Quatre stades successifs ont pu être chiffrés au cours de la mise en place du fossé de Tébessa : le premier au Villafranchien inférieur (Pliocène supérieur), le deuxième au Villafranchien supérieur (Pléistocène inférieur), le troisième à la fin du Pléistocène moyen et le quatrième à la fin du Pléistocène supérieur. L’affaissement se poursuit encore actuellement (quelques secousses ont été ressentis entre 1995-2005), parallèlement au soulèvement des marges du graben, dont le substratum s’est enfoncé dans la partie médiane au cours du dernier stade d’effondrement.
    Motsclés: Fossés d’effondrement (Grabens), Phases alpines miocènes et plio-quaternaires, Stratigraphie, Région de Tébessa, Kasserine, Confins algéro-tunisiens.

    Approche Stratigraphique et Sedimentologique de Terrasses Alluviales Quaternaires du Site de Ben Hliem Sud-Ouest de Tébessa, (Algérie)
    395-409
    M. Hamimed, N. Defaflia, L. Gouaidia, S. Abdessadok and A. Djerrab
    Abstract:
    Une étude stratigraphique, sédimentologique et magnétique a été réalisée sur des terrasses alluviales, riches en outils archéologiques, du site BEN HLIEM, dans le nord-est de l’Algérie. Du point de vue sédimentologique, les sédiments sont dominés par la fraction sableuse suivie par la fraction limoneuse ; les teneurs modérées en CaCO3 sont le résultat de la dissolution des reliefs calcaires avoisinants (calcaire maastrichtien). L’observation morphoscopique des grains de quartz à la loupe binoculaire permet de proposer une évolution plus ou moins importante, puisqu’ils sont souvent émoussés ou sub-émoussés. L'exoscopie des grains de quartz montre que ces grains ont subi une évolution complexe avant leur épisode d’immobilisation dans la terrasse.
    Les résultats de l’étude magnétique concordent avec ceux de l’étude sédimentologique. Les valeurs de la susceptibilité magnétique sont fortes dans la partie médiane de la coupe stratigraphique (juste au-dessus du niveau archéologique) et diminuent légèrement dans la partie supérieure. Les plus faibles valeurs sont enregistrées dans la partie inférieure. Les valeurs de la dépendance en fréquence de la susceptibilité magnétique (xfd) sont fortes tout le long de la coupe stratigraphique et témoignent de la présence d’un mélange de grains de taille monodomaine (MD), pseudo-monodomaine (PMD) et superparamagnétiques (SP) (avec une prédominance des grains SP). La forte concentration de grains de taille SP révèle la présence d’une pédogenèse importante lors de la mise en place des sédiments.
    Keywords: BEN HLIEM, Terrasses fluviatiles, Quaternaire, Susceptibilité magnétique, Pléistocène supérieur, Holocène.

    Without Mathematical Relations or Assumptions, the Actual Property of; the Light, Black Holes, Haebspaep (Laser), Sun, Atomic (Nuclear) Weapons,Excited Phosphor (Fluorescent) Lamps
    410-452
    Alaa H. K. Al-Darraji
    Abstract:
    During last two thousand years, a lot of scientists introduced different explanations for the "light". These explanations have two main lines; First, light is a small particles produced from light’s source, second, light spread by a medium as indicated by a theory called "Ether theory".
    Experimental results of this research show that light has a different property than all above explanations. This indication comes from facts of; This research’s experimental results, many life’s evidences, scientific information of universe and scientific information of earth’s atmosphere.
    This research results based on more than twenty experimental different tests that illustrated light’s definition and properties that are explained by clear scientific style without mathematical relations or assumptions. The correct property of the Light lead to find the correct explanation for both natural phenomena and human made phenomena; Black holes, Haebspaep (Laser), Sun, atomic (nuclear) weapons, excited phosphor (fluorescent) lights…etc.
    Keywords: Light, Black holes, Haebspaep (Laser), Sun, (20) experimental tests.

    Technology Acceptance Model from users' Perspectives in Iranian Schools
    453-460
    Zohreh Abedi Kargiban and SeyedSaied Badiee
    Abstract:
    This study has been proposed to explain users' perspectives in regard to development of the technology acceptance model in Iranian Schools. This study evaluated effective factors on technology production development by technology acceptance model. For this purpose, educational industry company productions for schools in Iran, has been studied. The survey research was the predominant methodology used in this study.The random sampling method was used for selecting the sample. The sample consists of 205 experts, teachers and students of the Ministry of Education in four provinces and four districts of Tehran Educational Centers. The results show that paying attention to development of technology will influence directly on improvement of technology's productions and services moreover affect the selecting technology productions by the users.
    Keywords: Technology development, Technology acceptance model, Users' perspectives, Iranian schools.

    Contribution to Rutting Damage of Different Heavy Vehicles Operating Along the Northern Part of Malaysian Peninsula
    461-471
    Osama Mahmoud Yassenn, Intan Rohani Endut, Mohamed Ahmed Hafez and Siti Zaharah Ishak
    Abstract:
    This study investigates the contribution of different heavy vehicles types to rutting damage along the northern part of Malaysian Peninsula based on their actual weight and analysis of more than 350 km of flexible pavements. The traffic volume and weight of more than 5 million heavy vehicles were collected using weight-in-motion stations located along the north-south expressway. Strength and layers thicknesses of north-south expressway flexible pavements were collected using falling weight deflectometer, and coring. Using finite element analysis the effect of the collected weight on flexible pavement rutting life was calculated. Based on the analysis it was found that the majority of rutting damage is caused by the single trailer trucks with four axles.
    Keywords: Finite element analysis, Flexible Pavements, Heavy Vehicles, Malaysia and Rutting.

    A New Healthcare System Supported by GSM and Internet
    472-486
    Mahmoud Shaker Nasr, Samir Jasim Mohammed and Ali Jasim Ramadhan
    Abstract:
    This paper presents a new design for a portable real time patient monitoring / diagnosing system based on E-health, GSM-health, I-health and wireless sensor network (WSN) under ZigBee protocol. The proposed system measures patient biomedical data utilizing a group of sensors, namely patient position sensor (PPS), galvanic skin response sensor (GSR), blood glucose sensor (BGS) and electromyography sensor (EMG). The system is designed to monitor the sleep position and skin conductance (calm indicator) of patients with alarm for abnormal cases in the both base station (BS) and lobbies. The system is supported by GSM to send an alarm SMS to doctor for abnormal cases and to follow up the patient glucose rate remotely. The system is supported by the Internet service using a special designed website. The system uploads patient information and measured glucose data via the special website, so that the doctor can follow up the patient remotely and to write his recommendation to the patient or the hospital staff. Moreover, the system introduces printing and saving patient information facilities for archiving and statistical study. This system was implemented practically under supervision of specialist physicians. The obtained results are very satisfied and promising to offer great services to the human care.
    Keywords: E-health, GSM-health, I-health, Wireless Sensor Network

    Quality Assurance in English Language Teachers Education Programmethrough Distance Education in Pakistan
    487-494
    Muhammad Umar Farooq and Iffat Jahan
    Abstract:
    In recent years, distance education has emerged as a vital force in the educational system. It’s no more education through correspondence but with the help of technological gadgets it has got global acceptance in all fields of life, especially in higher and professional education. Allama Iqbal Open University is the pioneer in offering a diploma in TEFL to facilitate the teachers to improve their teaching skills being at their workplace. A survey was executed to the graduating teacher-students to assess the quality assurance measures. The survey questionnaire was adopted from the quality assurance manual of Higher Education Commission Pakistan. The questionnaire covered programme objectives, curriculum, faculty, administrative support, scholarships, co-curricular activities, and internship/workshop experience. The sample consisted of 220 students, both male and female, from various regions who attended the workshop at the main campus. The data reflected that majority of the respondents appreciated the programme as it developed analytical skills, classroom management, independent thinking, student-centred classroom environment, learner autonomy, etc. However, they were not satisfied with the provision of scholarships, co-curricular activities, library, etc.
    Keywords: quality assurance, English language teaching, teacher education, distance education