European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 128 No 2
January, 2015

Onion Yield and Quality as Affected by Some Complementary Foliar Fertilizers
121-133
Mona E. El-Azab and M.M. Abo El-Magd
Abstract:
A great revolution occurred recently within communication field including WSNs. WSNs have been recently deployed within several practical and critical life applications and fields. However; the limited energy is considered one of the most common and significant challenges that occurred within WSNs. Applying clustering algorithms will enhance the energy consumption and increase the lifetime for the WSNs. The clustering process should be performed in an effective procedure in order to achieve the best performance in terms of network lifetime and consumed energy. Kohenon SOM is an effective clustering approach. This paper aims to introduce a clustering approach within WSNs including the selection of CH based on Kohenon SOM. This paper introduces and investigates the effect of using KSOM algorithm as a clustering technique within WSN. The performance for the network will be analyzed based on network life time and consumed energy criteria. The performance of this algorithm is compared to Kohenon technique. After simulating the program; the results confirmed the effectiveness of KSOM and it is improvement for both energy consumption and network lifetime in comparison with Kohenon technique.
Keywords: Onion, foliar fertilization, amino magnical, amino tec (Mix), root most

A BH-Algebra Related to B-Algebra
134-140
Husein Hadi Abbass and Layth Salah Mahdi
Abstract:
In this paper, we introduce the notion of a BH-algebra related to B-algebra as a new class of a BH-algebra. Also, we introduce the notion of an ideal of a BH-algebra related to B-algebra. We state and prove some theorems and examples which determine the relationships between these notions and some types of ideals of a BH-algebra.
Keywords: B-algebras, BCI-algebras, BH-algebras, subalgebra, normal, epimorphism, ideal.

Virtual Channel Switching Model to Simulate Switched Network
141-149
Feras Matarneh and Rami Matarneh
Abstract:
This paper describes an approach to the construction of a simulation model of circuit-switched network. The model is presented in the form of a virtual switching channel between the ports of the switch and the source and destination. The suggested model includes a generator background stream, which is equivalent to the influence flows of other ports on the dedicated switching channel. Virtual switching channel model significantly reduces the dimension of the model and save computer resources (i.e. memory, time) compared to the full simulation model of the same switch.
Keywords: switch, three-phase model, simulation model of switching, generator background threads.

Exploitation de Garcinia afzelii engl. (Clusiaceae) en Côte d’Ivoire: Cas de la Foret Classée de la Haute Dodo (sud-ouest)
150-159
KOUASSI Konan Edouard, KOUADIO Kouassi and KOUAME N’dri Marie Thérèse
Abstract:
Garcinia afzelii est une espèce végétale très recherchée en Côte d’Ivoire et même dans la sous-région, pour sa tige et ses racines. Les organes prélevés sont utilisés comme cure dent. La tige est coupée sous forme de perche de 3 mètres environ de longueur, alors que les racines de petits diamètres sont découpées et rangées dans des sacs. La comparaison des nombres de tiges matures extraitent de la forêt dans les 47 parcelles et les quantités totales de tiges existantes encore en forêt, donne un résultat différence non significative. Pris donc de façon générale garcinia afzelii est encore abondant en milieu forestier. Par contre, la comparaison des nombres de tiges exploitables (matures) et celles déjà récoltées, donne une différence significative qui prouve que cette catégorie de tige est impactée négativement par les coupes. Ce résultat se voie à travers la moyenne des tiges matures qui passe de 2,04 tiges/hectare à 0,34 en l’espace de quatre années. Or c’est dans ce groupe que l’on trouve les pieds semenciers. Si l’exploitation continue, sans précaution l’espèce déjà vulnérable sera en voie d’extinction.
Keywords: Garcinia afzelii Cure-dent, Haute Dodo, Côte d’Ivoire

Recruitment and Selection Practices: An Analysis of Higher Secondary Schools (Private Sector) in U.A.E.
160-169
Sameera Rafiq, Sofia Khurshid, Marium Ahmed, Fazeela Shah, Zahran Khan and Hummayoun Naeem
Abstract:
Improved recruitment and selection practices result in improved organizational outcomes. Recruitment and Selection are the most pivotal functions for every organization as it provides the right person for the accurate job which results in exceptional organizational performance. This research paper covers effective recruitment and selection techniques and processes in UAE schools. The employees working in the schools consider the employee referral as one of the most reliable source of hiring new candidates. The primary objective of the research is to identify general practices of recruitment and selection in secondary schools and how they affect the overall organization in UAE. The sample size consisted of 4 Higher Secondary Schools of various curriculums located in different emirates such as Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai and Sharjah. The primary data was collected through well-structured interviews with employees working at the schools. The data was collected through primary and secondary sources. The research concluded that schools in U.A.E are practicing different recruitment and selection practices which are aiding them to determine that which teacher/teachers are more suitable and fit for the each different curriculum according to their requirements of providing the students with the best knowledge.

Corporate Social Responsibility Performance in Periods of Financial Crisis
170-178
Georgia Charitoudi, Grigoris Giannarakis and Themistokles G. Lazarides
Abstract:
The study aims to investigate the behavior of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in periods of financial crisis. An analysis of CSR performance is given according to scoring systems based on the Global Report Initiatives (GRI) guidelines and the Business in the Community (BITC). In total, 110 companies are taken into account concerning GRI framework; 73 companies regarding BITC index in 2007 - pre-financial crisis period - 2008 and 2009 - crisis period. With regard to the GRI framework, the application level is modified in a point score system, while the five different brands by BITC is the basis for the scoring of CSR performance. The non-parametric Wilcoxon Signed Rank Sum test is used in order to ascertain whether a financial crisis affects CSR performance. Results indicate increased CSR performance for both groups of companies. Companies increase their CSR performance even if the insecure business environment does not seem to motivate investments in CSR initiatives. The study also promotes a dialogue concerning the effects of financial crisis in CSR performance.
Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, performance, financial crisis

The Development Guide for Corporate Social Responsibility Programming
179-187
Georgia Charitoudi, Nikolaos Sariannidis and Grigoris Giannarakis
Abstract:
The concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is mainly driven by large in size companies, while it is becoming clear that the concept is also of great importance to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). The purpose of this paper is twofold: Firstly, it investigates the factors that are important for the formation of business clusters. Secondly, it presents the role that the Hellenic Network could play for CSR, as a successful cluster, to the CSR promotion of SMEs. Results show six basic elements for the formation of a cluster: geographical proximity, trust, innovation, diffusing knowledge, competition, the role of the government, universities and research institutes, participatory management and new technologies. In addition, the Hellenic Network for CSR could play a substantial role to SMEs in order to develop and implement CSR practices satisfying more social expectations and needs than the larger in size companies.
Keywords: Small and Medium sized Enterprises, Cluster, Corporate Social Responsibility.

Endemic Corrupt Practices, a Threat to Sustainable Human Resource Development and Management in a Nigerian Sample: Implications on the Young People
188-195
Nwoke Mary Basil
Abstract:
The study examined the endemic corrupt practices in various social organs as a threat to sustainable human resource development and management in Nigeria. It was observed that the behavioural patterns and corrupt practices of people who hold leadership positions, adults and significant others in any country can mare human resource development and management of such country in a profound way. Five hundred men and women, 250 from each gender group were sampled. Among these, 125 young men and 125 young women; age range 20-39 years with a mean age of 29.5 years , 125 old men and 125 old women, age range 40-68 years , with a mean age of 54 years; drawn from an assembly of people who gathered for a function in Enugu, freely participated in the study. The results showed that there was significant relationship between corrupt practices and unstable human resource development and management in Nigeria. r=84 p<.001. Analysis of variance was used with two levels of gender (men and women) and two levels of age (young and old), to establish their perception on the issue. Implications of the study on the young people were highlighted and suggestions for possible solutions were made.
Keywords: residue - antibiotic – raw milk - dairy cows – loss-Morocco.

Attitude of People towards Psychiatric Disorders: A Comparison of Urban and Rural Areas in Gujrat, Pakistan
196-207
Tahira Munir and Sameera Shafiq
Abstract:
The main objective of the study was to explore the perceptions of people towards psychological disorders, residing in the urban and rural areas of Gujrat. Further, it aimed to assess the differences in attitude of young and old people with high, low education and socioeconomic status. Attitude towards Psychiatric Disorders Scale (APDS) was developed with the help ofthe literature review and in-depth interviews of 20 participants in phase I. A sample of 120 respondents from urban and rural areas of the district Gujrat was taken in phase II, through convenient sampling to assess their attitudes. Percentage and frequencies of responses on each item were calculated. For the interpretation of results, mean, standard deviation and t-test were used. It was concluded that there are significant differences in the attitude of people. The people living in urban areas, females, people with higher education, and young people have more positive attitude than those in rural areas, males, people with lower education, and old ones. Rural people showed more negative attitude in different dimension (depression, schizophrenia, mental retardation, social distance, superstitious beliefs and myths, and occupational participation) than people living in urban areas. Results showed that there was no significant difference in the attitude of lower and higher socioeconomic status people. Study suggested that people living in rural areas and especially those with lower education need special community based education that help them to change their attitudes towards psychological disorders.
Keywords: Attitudes, Psychiatric Disorders, Depression, Schizophrenia, Mental Retardation, Psychological Illnesses

In Rituals Dance of Tribal Tai dam: Form of Dance,Roles and Existence in Luang Namtha Laos
208-214
Sarinthorn Khumkhet, Chalermsak Pikulsri and Theerarat Leelaloedsurakul
Abstract:
The purposes of this research were 1) to study Sae Pang Ceremony of Tai Dam residing in LuoangNamtha, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and 2)to study the Sae Pang dancing pattern in Sae Pang Ceremony of Tai Dam in LuoangNamtha, Lao People’s Democratic Republic. The study used qualitative research method and the researchers had collected data from related documents, survey, interview, and in-group discussion with key informative people. The data gained from the study was analyzed with Analytic induction.
The findings showed that 1) Liang Pang or Sae Pang Ceremony was held by Tai Dam according to the belief on Phi Mod, Phi Mon, and the good fortune of the family. Apart from this, Liang Pang or Sae Pang Ceremony was held for paying homage to ghosts that help the Mo Mot Shaman teacher, 2) the dancing style and dancing aspects in the ceremony featured the dance focusing on paying homage to ancestor ghosts and wishing for living. The dancing feature was the art that related to the belief provoking consciousness and giving meaning to cultural stereotypes in the form of symbols. The primitive dance was the dance to be involved by most people other than to be watched, and the dance posture in the ceremony divided into patterned style and un-patterned style. The posture involved the movement of body from the shoulders to the waist, the arms were moving in response to the music style and rhythm while dancing. Additionally, there was body shaking responding to the music rhythm which was the unique style of Tai Dam dance. There were 26 dance postures of Mo Mot Shaman which included the patterned and un-patterned postures, 4 out of 26 were the postures without names.