European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 124 No 1
June, 2014

Lesson Plan for the Present Perfect Tense: Rationale, Procedures, and Reflection
7-16
Fung Lan Yong
Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to present a lesson plan for the teaching of the present perfect tense to Form One students studying at a Chinese secondary school in Sabah, Malaysia whose English proficiency falls within the low intermediate level. The target audience is 50 as it is the average class size in a typical Malaysian classroom. The type of lesson presented is English grammar, while the target event is learning the present perfect tense, focusing on the use of unspecified time expressions. The teaching method is the task-based approach, while the language content focuses on the first use of the present perfect tense, which is to describe something in the past, but the time is not specified before now, either because it is not known or unimportant. The rationale, teaching and learning procedures as well as reflection in relation to the lesson plan are described.
Keywords: Lesson plan, present perfect tense, unspecific time expressions, time adverbs, rationale, procedures, reflection, Malaysia

Modeling of Structural & Petrophysical Parameters using SGS Method (Case Study; X Oilfield in South-West Iranian Hydrocarbon Reservoir)
18-27
Meisam , Erfani Shirabad , M. E. Shirabad and Abbas Bahroudi
Abstract:
Models play a central role in understanding and predicting a reservoirs key geological, geophysical, and engineering components. The aim of modeling is to provide one or more alternative 3D numerical models that aim to represent those geological, geophysical, reservoir engineering aspects of the subsurface that matter for the study goal at hand. All needed data to construct 3D geological model include; geological data, geophysical data and reservoir data. Any 3D modeling is performed on a grid composed of cells that have a certain dimensions. A grid-cell size, considerably larger than the dimension of the smallest-scale data, is thus considered to generate what is called the high-resolution 3D geocellular model. The dimensions of geocellular model depend on the study goals and the available data. The procedure of this modeling was done with using RMS software. In this software defines of geostatistical functions and relations that are using in modeling. Workflow in this study is as following below: Inputting of locations and their trajectory wells, input of well picks for Sarvak formation, input of interpreted petrophysical logs, input of main UGC maps, Editing and QC of input data, making of main reservoir surfaces, making of fault model, making of structural model and 3D grid, scale up of petrophysical logs, inputting of Acoustic Impedance cubes into model for constraining of other parameters such as porosity for throughout of reservoir, data analysis and variography of each parameter, generating of stochastic model for each parameter. Finally determinate of apt regions this field.
Keywords: Geostatistical 3D modeling, reservoir, Saravak formation, X oilfield

On a New Subclass of Multivalent Functions with Positive Coefficients
28-37
Waggas Galid Atshan and Thamer khalil Mohmmed
Abstract:
In this paper, we define a new subclass Hβp(γ,A,B,ν) of multivalent functions in the open unit disk U. We obtain some interesting properties, like, coefficient estimates and closure theorems. Also we discuss integral representation, convolution properties and integral mean related with fractional integral.
Keywords: Multivalent Function, Convolution, Integral mean, Fractional integral.
2013 Mathematic Subject Classification: Primary 30C45.

Thermal Behavior and Synthesis of Tetraphenylporphyrin, Cobalt-Tetraphenylporphyrin and the Derivatives
38-45
Wootthiphan Jantayot , Supakorn Boonyuen , Kamolnate Jansaeng , Tossapon Prohmsatit and Natthakorn Phadungsak
Abstract:
In this work, a series of tetraphenylporphyrin (TPP) and Cobalt(II) porphyrin with their derivatives are reported following Adler Longo method by the reaction of pyrrole with and different substituted benzaldehydes. These compounds have been characterized by UV-Vis, fluorescence spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Tetraphenyl- porphyrin (TPP) was obtained in 36% yield at the optimal synthetic condition. p-Methoxy tetraphenyl porphyrin (TOMPP), p-methyl tetraphenyl porphyrin (TMPP) and Tetrakis(3-chlorophenyl) porphyrin (TCPP) were obtained in 36%, 26% and 10% yields, respectively. Reactions of TPP, TOMPP, TMPP and TCPP with cobalt(II) acetate gave CoTPP, CoTOMPP, CoTMPP and CoTCPP in 90%, 20%, 45% and 53% yields, respectively. The absorption spectra for TPP exhibited one absorption band (415 nm, S-band) and four absorption bands (514, 549, 590 and 646 nm, as Q-band). The absorption band of cobalt(II) porphyrin displays four Q-bands. When excited to 548 nm, the fluorescence spectra show only one emission band at 649 nm and 650 nm for TPP and CoTPP, respectively. The thermal behaviors including the possible phase transition of porphyrins were studied during the heating process at temperature of 25-700ºC. CoTPP exhibits slightly lower thermal stability (474.08ºC) compared with porphyrin TPP ligand (485.99ºC). However, the thermal stability of cobaltporphyrin derivatives were ranged from 392.64ºC to 474.08ºC.
Keywords: Tetraphenylporphyrin, Cobalt-tetraphenylporphyrins, Thermal stability

La Phytodiversite du Parc National de Tlemcen (Algerie Occidentale)
46-59
Barka Fatiha , Bouazza Mohamed and Ferouani Tawfik
Abstract:
Forests of western Algeria including forests in the region of Tlemcen have known for decades continuous regression due, mostly, to a combined action of anthropogenic and climatic factors. The first is the cause of the disappearance of much of our plant germplasm. Despite the presence of a rather shrub, which can make illusion, it is more of a forest ecosystem, but a pre-scrub or forest ecosystem. This degradation shows a depletion in the floristic which replaced ephemeral therophytes and chamaephytes adapted to fires. This note focuses on the knowledge of the current vegetation Tlemcen National Park is a good example of study of plant diversity and above all an interesting synthesis of the natural dynamics of natural ecosystems. This dynamic remains regressive and increases erosion Plant.
Keywords: Algeria - Tlemcen - Semi-arid - Matorral - Biodiversity- Sustainable - Anthropozoogenic - Phyto-ecology - Dynamic - Preservation.

Design of Fractional Order Controller Using Particle Swarm Optimization Techniques for Horizontal Cylindrical Tank Level Process
60-69
S. Mourouga Pragash and R. Ananda Natarajan
Abstract:
The paper describes the Fractional Order PID controller to control the level of horizontal cylindrical tank. Soft computing techniques are used for design the parameters of Fractional PID controller. The response time, steady state error, load disturbance of the tank system are tested and compared with the conventional controller. The FOPID controller improves the dynamic characteristics of the level control in horizontal tank.
Keywords: PSO, FOPID, horizontal cylindrical, optimaization

An Analyzing Trends Effective in the Entrepreneurship Opportunities Recognition in Fishery Industry
70-79
Abdoli Mohamadabadi, Tayebeh , Ahmadpour Daryani, Mahmood , Matinfar, Abbas and Karimi, Asef
Abstract:
Using library resources, observation and interviewing fishery experts, trends effective in entrepreneurship in fishery industry were identified and designed in the form of a questionnaire. After evaluating validity and reliability of the questionnaire, a sample of 85 entrepreneurs and fishery experts was randomly selected and the questionnaire was completed. The level of importance and priority of trends was determined using Friedman test. The results indicated that globalization of fishery products is one of the most important effective trends, and technical, training and marketing assistance to entrepreneurs, technology development to manufacture and provide products, privatization of government activities, deregulation, demographic changes and women's role in fishery industry are among other trends respectively effective in achieving entrepreneurship opportunities in fishery industry.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship opportunities, trends effective, fishing industry

Influence des Interventions Sylvicoles sur la Composition Floristique et la Dynamique du Recru Forestier dans les Plantations Industrielles de Tectona grandis L.f. (Teck) en Zone de Forêt Dense Semi-Décidue de Côte D’ivoire
80-94
Cedessia Hervé Kéassemon Kone , Maxime Kama N’takpé Boraud , Fanlégué Lacina Coulibaly and Kagoyire Kamanzi
Abstract:
Une étude phytoécologique des reboisements industriels de Tectona grandis a permis de connaitre la dynamique floristique du recru forestier post-plantation de Tecks afin de mieux orienter les activités sylvicoles.La méthode des relevés de surface a été utilisée au cours de la présente étude. La stratification des relevés par bloc de reboisement a permis de parcourir les parcelles année par année. Ainsi, 609 espèces spontanées dont 530 à la Sangoué et 416 à la Rasso ont été répertoriées. Une analyse factorielle des correspondances a permis d’apprécier la dynamique floristique du recru forestier, en fonction des activités anthropiques et des conditions écologiques. Les espèces les plus fréquentes dans les parcelles de Tectona grandis sont Chromolaena odorata (Asteraceae), Griffonia simplicifolia(Caesalpiniaceae) et Cnestis ferruginea (Connaraceae).

Proposition of a Quantified Method for the Individual Competence Assessment in Manufacturing Industry
95-108
Abdelhamid Zaki , Bahia Benchekroun , Mohammed Benbrahim and Jean-Pierre Campagne
Abstract:
Companies are in a constant search of managing their costs and optimizing the use of their means of production. This last requires a better management of both material resources and human resources including skills. Nowadays, the issue of competency is crucial in companies, especially within a changing environment with the apparition of new forms of organization and production methods. Human resources are becoming more and more managed individually. The performance to accomplish the same task by two operators having the same qualifications is variable, which introduces the concept of individual competence level. The classical scheduling models don’t usually take account of the constraints of human resources competencies, assuming them to be identical and available at any time. In this article, we propose a method that is about the practical dimension of competence which enables the evaluation of individual competence level of operators with high added value and being usable in the domain of manufacturing. The proposed method involves four stages. The first stage concerns the research of observable, tangible and quantifiable criteria revealing individual competencies. The second stage is to define a set of indicators that will reflect the real situation and inquire about the held competence on the basis of the observed results. The third stage consists in giving a judgment on the basis of a pre-established scale of competency levels and the fourth stage consists in exploiting the calculated results which reveal the actual situation in terms of individual competence level held in the company.
Keywords: Competence assessment, individual competence level, performance

Remote Sensing and GIS for Urban Encroachment Assessment in Damanhour City, Beheira Governorate, Egypt
109-120
Ali Amasha , Mai Mostafa and Saleh Mesbah
Abstract:
Through the last two decades, the high rate of population growth in Egypt acts as the main factor in increasing the urban encroachment over the cultivated lands especially within the Nile Delta governorates. Urban expansion not only cutting off the agricultural lands but it may affect its productivity too. This research aims to assess the rate of changes of the land use classes using high resolution satellite images in the period 2008-2014. It investigates the changing rate of each land use layer and its impact on other layers and the developmental plans as well. Image processing techniques using ENVI 4.7 are used to generate the land use images. The analysis has been carried out using ArcGIS 10.1. The calculated changes of land use have been carried out over a section of Damanhur city, Beheira Governorate, Egypt. The cultivated lands, within the study area, have been decreased by about 10% while the urban areas have increased by about 2% and the vacant lands increased by about 10% since 2008 to 2014. The calculated rate of changes between 2008 and 2010 is less than the rate of changes between 2010 and 2014. The difference of the changes' rates is not only due to the population growth but also due to the illegal encroachment on the cultivated lands throughout missing of governance at the time of Egyptian revolution in 2011. The areas, that had been cut off from 2008/2010 cultivated lands, are not necessary to be urbanized in the 2014 images but changed to vacant lands. This encroachment on the cultivated lands affects the overall agricultural productivity in Egypt and evaluated as a negative impact of the 2011 revolution.
Keywords: Encroachment, Urbanization, Remote Sensing, GIS, Land use Changes.