European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 115 No 3
Dec, 2013

Causal Relationship Model of IQ, EQ, AQ and Environmental Education Affecting to Environmental Behavior
384-398
Nongnapas Thiengkamol
Abstract:
The objective was to propose the structural model of Intelligence Quotient (IQ), Emotional Quotient (EQ), Adversity Quotient (AQ) and Environmental Education (EE) affecting to environmental behavior for global warming alleviation through inspiration of public consciousness. The populations were 37,101 undergraduate student of Mahasarakham University in second semester of academic year of 2012. The Multi-stage simple random sampling technique was employed to collect the sample for 400 undergraduate students. The research instrument was the questionnaire and it was used for data collecting. LISREL was used for model verification. Results illustrated the structural model confirmatory factors of Intelligent Quotient (IQ), Emotional Quotient (EQ), Adversity Quotient (AQ) and Environmental Education (EE) were able to explain the variation of endogenous factors of Inspiration of Public Consciousness for Environmental Conservation (IPC) to caused Environmental Behaviors for Global Warming Alleviation (BEH) with 98.60 percents as following in equation (1).
BEH=0.40*EE+0.28*IQ+0.31*EQ+0.35*AQ+0.63*IPC       (1)
(R2=0.986) Equation (1) factors that had the most effect to Environmental Behaviors for Global Warming Alleviation (BEH) was Inspiration of Public Consciousness (IPC) with 0.63 and subsequences were Environmental Education (EE), Adversity Quotient (AQ), Emotional Quotient (EQ) and Intelligence Quotient (IQ) with0.40, 0.35, 0.31 and 0.28 respectively. These were able to explain the variation of Environmental Behaviors for Global Warming Alleviation (BEH) with 94.00 percents. Consequently, confirmatory factors of Environmental Education (EE), Intelligent Quotient (IQ), Emotional Quotient (EQ) and Adversity Quotient (AQ) were able to explain the variation of confirmatory factors of Inspiration of Public Consciousness for Environmental Conservation (IPC) with 94.00 percents. Therefore, the equation can be written as following equation (2).
IPC=0.42*EE+0.27*IQ+0.34*EQ+0.37*AQ        (2)
(R2=0.94) Equation (2) factors that had the most effect to Inspiration of Public Consciousness for Environmental Conservation (IPC) was Environmental Education (EE) with 0.42, subsequences were Adversity Quotient (AQ), Emotional Quotient (EQ), and Intelligent Quotient (IQ) with 0.37, 0.34 and 0.27. These were able to explain the variation of Inspiration of Public Consciousness for Environmental Conservation (IPC) with 94.00 percents.
Keywords: Causal Relationship Model / IQ / EQ / AQ / EE / Affecting / Environmental Behavior

Model of Environmental Education and Psychological State Based on Inspiration of Public Consciousness Affecting to Environmental Behavior
399- 409
Khwansumana Phinnarach
Abstract:
Environmental education and psychological state has been recognized and integrated with inspiration of public consciousness for environmental conservation by increasing knowledge and understanding, raising awareness, adjusting attitude and belief, increasing skill and participation and taking responsible practice of global citizen through changing their behavior in daily life activity. The populations were 35,010 undergraduate students of the first semester of academic year 2011 of Mahasarakham University. The Multi-stage random sampling was used to collect 450 undergraduate students from different faculties. The questionnaire was employed as instrument for data collection. LISREL was used for model verification. Results illustrated as Equation 1and 2 as followings. Considering on structural model confirmatory factors of Environmental Education (EE) and Psychological State (STATE) were able to explain the variation of endogenous factors of Inspiration of Public Consciousness (MIND) to cause Environmental Behaviors for Global Warming Alleviation (BEH) with 96.8 percents and variation of endogenous factor of Inspiration of Public Consciousness (MIND) with 98.4 percents. Therefore, the equation 1 and 2 can be written as followings.
BEH=0.33MIND+0.STATE+0.75EE       (1)
(R2=0.968)
MIND=0.59STATE+0.58EE       (2)
(R2=0.984)
Keywords: Model / Environmental Education / Psychological State / Inspiration of Public Consciousness / Environmental Behavior / Global Warming Alleviation

A New Technical-Economical Algorithm to Improve Asymmetry in System Voltages by SVC
410-425
M. Jazaeri and M. Mokari
Abstract:
Unsymmetrical sources have been dispersed around power networks. Such asymmetries in the network never completely have been disappeared. The main problem is to keep it into an acceptable level all over the network. On the other hand, the load balancing and power factor correction by the Static Var Compensator (SVC) is well known. But since the unsymmetrical sources have been dispersed in a network and the cost of such compensator is high so this is not cost-effect to employ multiple compensators to solve the problem. Therefore, size, location, setting parameters and number of SVCs must be optimally determined while economic aspects must be considered. This paper at first introduces a Fitness Function (FF) based on technical considerations. Then the result is incorporated into economic criteria to provide a cost-effect proposal. The FF includes voltage profile, power system losses and particularly voltage asymmetry in the network and considers generator reactive power generation and bus voltage magnitude limits. The proposed approach by using Genetic Algorithm is applied to IEEE -bus test system to illustrate the effectiveness of the method when the network experiences unsymmetrical conditions.
Keywords: unsymmetrical voltage, unbalanced load, Static VAR Compensator (SVC), Voltage Control, genetic algorithm

Investigation of Strengths/Weaknesses of Mehr Housing Submission in Terms of Achieving Social and Economic Goals (Case Study: Khorram Abad City)
426-434
Ali Rabiee, Mahsa Beiranvand and Mehdi Hamidi
Abstract:
Increasing population and migration to cities have caused housing to be one of the economic and social problems in developing countries.Numerous effort has been done to solve problem of Housing shortage. One of these solution is Mehr housing that is designed to help low-income people to have house.In this article, were studied and to give some constructive comments. The Mehr housing in Khooram Abad to evaluate the objectives and programs and strengths and weaknesses were studied based on their economic and social objectives.This study was conducted during the year 2011-2012.The design of the study was descriptive.For collection data,housing experts, manufacturers were interviewed and a questionnaire was distributed among experts and applicants of Mehr housing Also for the interview’s analyzing ,the text analyzing method used and in order to analyze the data deductive methods were used.Results showed that accomplishment the economic objectives of the project was average,and accomplishment of the social objectives was low.The most important advantages of Mehr housing project are employment and urban land modelling correction and The most important weaknesses of Khooram Abad Mehr housing can be, All of the projects are being built outside the urban sites and no attention has been paid to social characteristics.
Keywords: Mehr Housing Project, Strengths and Weaknesses, Economic Assessment, Social Assessment

Assessing Relationship between Motor Performance and Sustained Attention in Normal Children and Children with “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder” in Iran
435-444
Solmaz Soloki, Fatemeh Behnia, Katayun Khushabi and Ebrahim Pishyareh
Abstract:
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is one of the common chronic disorders in childhood. In addition to main symptoms of this disorder like attention deficit, impulsivity and hyperactivity, there are other symptoms for ADHD patients. One of the most important symptoms is “developmental coordination disorder”. The present study has investigated relationship among motor function, sustained attention and impulse controlling of children suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The descriptive-analytical study has considered 21 boys with ADHD and 21 normal boys between 7 and 10 ages. Motor performance has been assessed using Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP). Sustained attention and impulse control has been investigated using Continuous Performance Test (CPT). Obtained result from Independent T-Test and Man-Whitney Test indicated that ADHD group and normal groups are significantly different from each other considering Cross Motor Skills, Fine Motor Skills, sustained attention and impulse control (p<0.0001). Obtained result from Fisher Test indicated that correlation coefficient of attention deficit is not different from correlation coefficient of cross motor skills (p= 0.276); although, there is a significant difference between correlation coefficient between attention deficit and fine motor skills (p<0.0001) and general motor skills (p<0.0001). There is also no significant difference between correlation coefficient between impulsivity and cross motor skills (p= 0.379), fine motor skills (p= 0.92) and total motor skills (p= 0.562). Obtained result of the study indicates that sustained attention and impulse control are in a close relationship with most motor skills in ADHD and normal groups. This would help therapists to determine rehabilitation priorities and use accurate approaches or enhancement of children’s motor performance.
Keywords: motor performance, sustained attention, normal children, impulse control, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

A Study on Barriers to use of Information Technology in Iranian Higher Education System
445-449
Mina Karimi
Abstract:
Since demand for higher education is increasing every day and there is not enough academic spaces to meet the demand, appropriate solutions are needed to solve this problem. One of the good solutions is to use information technology at higher education system. Therefore, effective use of information technology (IT) and creating methods to improve higher education quality have turned into an important aspect of managing universities. The main purpose of the research is to study barriers to use of IT at higher education system at Islamic Azad universities of Zanjan province (located in Iran) during 2010 - 2011. Statistical population encompasses all professors who have been working at Zanjan Azad universities between2010-2011. There were 1265 professors in the statistical population among whom only 135 professors were selected as the sample group of the present paper. In fact, the samplemembers were selected based on an appropriate categorical sampling method. Measuring tool of this research is a combined questionnaire. A combined questionnaire refers to a number of questions which have previously been designed by other researchers and a number of questions which have been designed by the researcher. Results of descriptive statistical analyses show that based on professors’ opinions, legal and strategic problems are the main barriers to effective use of IT at universities. Moreover, results of T test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicate that there is not a significant difference among professors’ opinions regarding factors such as sex, major subject, workplace (teaching location) and type of teaching.
Keywords: information technology, E- learning, higher education system, efficacy, knowledge, education quality

Study of Bacterial Contamination of Traditional Ice Creams in Shooshtar Iran
450-453
Seyedeh Shadi Mirzamani and Arezoo Esfahani
Abstract:
Milk and its products play a key role in human nutrition because of containing high nutritional value. The foodstuffs are also a suitable area for creation and growth of many pathogenic microorganisms, since they include useful nutritional material. Thus, lack of observing healthcare principles for production and maintenance of such products can be followed by many health risks. The main objective of the present study is to investigate bacterial contamination of traditional ice cream, for which Shooshtar County Iran has been considered as the case study for this purpose. The present study has collected 120 samples of traditional ice creams from ice cream shops around the Shooshtar and has then examined them for microbial poisoning according to Iran international Standard. About 45.8% of samples were poisoned more than exceeded of allowed limitations (>5×104gr). About 44.2% of samples were poisoned by enterobacteriaceae group bacteria more exceeded from allowed limitation (maximum 10/gr). Finally 14.2% of samples were poisoned by Staphylococcus aureus more than allowed limitation. 1.6% of these samples were also poisoned by Escherichia Coli. No one of samples included Salmonella. To avoid poisoning by the ice creams, observing individual hygiene and controlling production and shopping centers are necessary.
Keywords: bacterial contamination, traditional ice cream, dairy products

Water Development within the GCC Region
454-465
Mohammed Saleh Al.Ansari
Abstract:
History has shown that interest within the development of water resources has been higher within the Northern regions in comparison to the Southern regions. The South’s perspective on water differs from the North’s perspective. The perspective that the South takes on the issue is that there is no direct international governance when it comes to this vital natural resource, this is in regards to both the quality as well as the quantity of the resource. Although, most decisions regarding the management of water are made along the appropriate levels of the government, within individual’s countries, many international organizations do influence the decisions that are made in a variety of different ways. There are a few major issues discussed, regarding water resources, these issues are environmental considerations as well as desalination-governments have major impacts on the policies of national water in these two instances.
Keywords: desalination, water management, environment, water resources development

Using Ant Colony Simulation Algorithm in Optimal Route Selection for Transportation Issues in the Field of Municipal Services and Supply Chain
466-472
Amir Kariznoee, Somayeh Salmani, Soheil Derakhshan and Monireh Bijandi
Abstract:
According to the existing problems in the planning of transportation systems in industry, municipal and road construction services, which reduce the accessibility and increase the time and costs of transportation as well as varieties of existing methods that are appropriate for special circumstances, the need for an integrated system in order to optimize decision-making procedures in this area is evident. Solving the transportation problems in different areas requires different needs. For example, cost is the most significant factor in transportation issues of supply chain and logistic, while time is the most important factor in other transportation issues such as vehicle optimum routing for fire and emergency services in the field of municipal services. Furthermore, in road construction projects, distance is the most significant factor. The aim of this study is to introduce a model that is applicable to various fields whilst reducing transportations costs and increasing the reliability of decision making using ant colony simulation algorithm.
Keywords: Ant colony algorithm, Routing, Transportation, Supply chain, Logistic, Municipal planning

Investigation of Emotional Intelligence Based on Goldman Competencies Model on Employees Performance Case Study: Social Security Organization (Indirect Remedy Bureau of Tehran Province)
473-486
Hossein Gharehbiglo, Alireza Amirkabiri, Behnam Shadi Dizaji and Zohre Khakzadian
Abstract:
Current research examines the emotional intelligence influence on employee performance of social security organization (indirect remedy bureau of Tehran province) since the goal is examination of emotional intelligence influence on performance and emotional intelligence and is both one concept and important idiom in psychology it is known as fundamental research but on the other since it can be used as a guideline for employees in order to improve their performance and driving organization toward higher productivity it is also known as applicable research.In this research it is used of simple accidental sampling and gender, background, marital status, age, education among social security organization employees (indirect remedy bureau of Tehran province) have been included. In order to conduct the test it is used of schilling emotional intelligence questionnaire that is based on golfman model and assessment questionnaire of employee performance of social security organization. the emotional intelligence questionnaires is filled by employees and performance questionnaire is completed by related officials. The statistical society include 580 persons who 231 persons by using of sample volume formula has been determined. After analysis of information that has been done by using of description statics(average, frequency, standard deviation) and chi square and fisher test in elicit statist. The result is that despite relationship between emotional intelligence and performance but this relationship and it influence among statistical society is not significant it means social security organization (indirect remedy burea of Tehran province) employees have emotional intelligence but it is so low that it can not affect on performance and thus all of research hypothesis would be rejected. it means there is no significant relationship between each components of emotional intelligence(self awareness, self regulation, self motivation, social awareness, social skills) and employees performance of social security organization(indirect remedy bureau of Tehran province)
Keywords: Emotional intelligence, performance, self awareness, self regulation, self motivation, self awareness social skills social security organization (indirect remedy bureau of Tehran province)

Leveraging Employee Engagement by a Talent Management Strategy
487-500
Hossein Gharehbiglo, Alireza Amirkabiri, Behnam Shadi Dizaji and Mohammad Mehdi Roozbahani
Abstract:
Our purpose to do this survey is to propose a useful model for the talent management strategy and to state typical area and their importance on management and also to employee engage to show how this model can influence the engagement and improve the determination on pool talent and show the role of workplace of democracy in the employee engagement. This survey studies the influence of talent management strategy on the employee engagement. talent management are identified via five factors by Sween (2009); Communications, Employee development, Rewards & recognitions, Rewards & recognitions, Managing performance, Open climate /culture. whereas the employee engagement: are identified by eight factors Job is challenging & meaningful, Have resources to do job, Trust in management, Perceived support from org, Perceived support from supervisor, Rewarded and recognized, Committed to organization, Safe to act. The input of our survey data were gathered from a sample of 207 employees in the Industry, Mine and Trading Ministry in Tehran. This survey data showed that the talent Management Strategy has been effective in all aspects, but in financial management and getting the organization support and also in formality and employee engagement, no meaningful effects were seen. Moreover, workplace of democracy adjusts the role of talent management as an interfere.
Keywords: talent management, employee engagement, human resources, organizational development.

Evaluation de la Qualité de L’eau Utilisée Pour la Production Maraîchère, et de L’effet de Cette Eau Sur la Santé de la Population Dans la Ville de Parakou au Bénin
501-508
Léonard Afouda, Joseph Agossou, Didier AéedémyAdédémy, Catherine N’da Tido and Benjami Fayomi
Abstract:
Les eaux usées de la ville de Parakou (Bénin) provenant des marais peu profonds et issues du lessivage des sols souillés de matières fécales et d’autres substances dangereuses pour la santé, ont été prélevées et analysées pour leur teneur en substances toxiques, parasites et bactéries. Ces eaux utilisées pour l’arrosage dans l’agriculture sur cinq sites maraichers de la ville ont présenté des teneurs élevées de matières en suspension (108 à 2525 mg/l), de nitrates (0,002 à 7,5 mg/l), de nitrites (19,5 à 67,7 mg/l), de coliformes totaux (> 2000/ml), d’ entérobactéries comme Escherichia coli (> 2000/ml) et de Salmonella spp. Des kystes de protozoaires (Entamoeba coli, Giardia intestinalis, ankylostomes) et des œufs d’helminthes (Hymenolepis nana) ont été également décelés. Les légumes produits sur ces sites ont été également contaminés par les coliformes fécaux, les salmonelles et Escherichia coli. Malgré les risques de maladies hydriques, cette activité contribue considérablement à l’amélioration des conditions de vie des différentes catégories d’acteurs qui y sont engagés, et des mesures appropriées d’assainissement sont à mettre en œuvre sont à mettre en œuvre afin de réduire les risques sanitaires encourus par les producteurs et les consommateurs.
Motsclés: Risques sanitaires, eaux usées, agriculture urbaine, Parakou, Bénin.

Development Model of Lifestyles after the Success of Mor Lam’s Career
509-513
Supap Thinnarat, Sitthisak Champadaeng and Urarom Chantamala
Abstract:
Historically, mor lam was basically evolved from four sources: storytelling, exchange of Phaya, soul comforting, and preaching. The storytelling often proceeded with the language of prose and was related to Phaya. There were four types of mor lam: traditional singing, verse singing, dancing with singing, and group singing. Mor lam had roles to play in society as reflected by verses, and singing included their thoughs, way of life, religion, tradition and belief. Ten singers (mor lam) were chosen for the study. They were Khen Dalao, Ratri Srivilai, Thongcharoen Dalao, Bunchuang Denduang, Chaweewan Dumnern, Por Chalard Noi Songserm, Paiboon Siang Thong, Buaphan Daokanong, Ranjuan Duangden, and Krissana Boonsan. All of the mor lam came from rice farming families. They went into professional singers with a passion and received training from parents and relatives. Subsequently, they were trained by famous singing instructors. Based on their expertise in singing, they all became successful, famous and professional singers or mor lam in Thailand. Currently, most mor lam or traditional singers of all types had to put a lot of effort into staying alive in their singing and entertainment business due to fast technological change and development, such as, media and internet. The public and audiences therefore turned to media and internet for entertainment. To stay on the job, many mo lams had to invest, almost limitless on their singing business. Some mo lam had to reduce the size of their own singing groups and spending.
Keywords: Development, Way of Life, Success, Mor Lam

Community Learning Source Organizing Folklore Media Education for Children and Youths
514-519
Prasopsuk Rittidet, Sombat Rittidet and Tanthip Khuana
Abstract:
The objectives of the research were to 1) study the types of folklore media that existed in the community learning source of Ban Gudkaen, Tambon Nongno, Muang District, Maha Sarakham Province, and 2) study the needs of children and youths for learning the folklore media in the community learning source. The methodology employed participatory action research and quantitative research. The target group consisted of (1) 30 children and youths who voluntarily joined the project, (2) 10 parents, (3) 3 local learned persons, and (4) 2 folklore resource persons. All were purposively sampled. The instruments consisted of (1) a survey form on folklore, (2) questions for in-depth interviews, (3) a structured and unstructured interview form. The research area was on the community learning source of Ban Gudkaen, Tambon Nongno, Muang District, Maha Sarakham Province. The statistics used in the analysis of data were mean, percentage and standard deviation. The results are presented in a descriptive analysis. The results are as follows: 1) There used to be 18 types of folklore media. At the time of study 14 types existed in the community learning source of Ban Gudkaen, Tambon Nongno, Muang District, Maha Sarakham Province and 4 types had disappeared, due to (1) local learned persons did not transmit them to others, (2) there was relatively little use of the community learning source as educational media, and (3) children and youths had no value of consuming local media. 2) In terms of needs of children and youths for learning the folklore media in the community learning source, it was found that they wanted to learn about (1) traditions, (2) tales, and (3) occupations. The reasons were (1) they could be used in their daily life, (2) they were entertaining, (3) they taught something (4) they gave occupational training while learning. The children and youths also wanted the traditions, the tales and the occupations be put in documentaries and scrapbooks.
Keywords: Community learning source, Organizing folklore media education, Children and youths

Development of Strainers Fitting Learning for Youth Bueng Sam Phan District, Phetchabun Province
520-530
Bupha Inthivorn, Premjit Bunsai and Sanong Thongpan
Abstract:
Research on the development of water suitable filter for children to learn. Bueng Sam Phan District, Phetchabun Province this time aimed 1) To survey and analyze the water quality in the district Bueng Sam Phan District, Phetchabun Province. 2) To create a water purifier that drinking water quality standards of the Department of Health, 3) for the Training Package to create water filter that is suitable for youth under the 80/80 4) to determine the effectiveness index of training set to build a water filter for youth 5) to compare knowledge and practical skills. The filter's overall youth before and after training and 6) to the satisfaction of the youth to take the training to learn to develop appropriate water filter. The sample used in this research include youth who are interested in applying to be trained 30 volunteers in this study were used to guide training learning development water suitable for young people in the district Bueng Sam Phan District, Phetchabun Province. A test of knowledge. In the water of 30 items with difficulty values between 0.23 to 0.77 and 0.20 to 0.67 between the discriminative confidence. The version 0.59 is equal to the number 5 on the practical skills and satisfaction. With the discrimination between .20 to .91, the reliability is 0.98 and the statistics used in data analysis were percentage, standard deviation. And statistics, including hypothesis testing using the t test (Paired t-test). The research results are as follows: 1. Developed water quality standards for drinking water, according to the Department of Health found that the amount of resin removed 900 g plus 900 g resin and 500 grams of carbon filters are effective in reducing the hardness. 2. Training learning to develop water suitable filter for young people in Bueng Sam Phan District, Phetchabun Province as effective as 80/86 which is based on the 80/80 set. 3. The Training Package to create water filter that is suitable for youth was 80.11/83.11, under the 80/80 4. The effectiveness index of training set to build a water filter for youth was 5. Youth with the knowledge and practical skills in the development of water filter after training than before training a statistical significance level of .05. 6. Youth were satisfied with the training, learning and development for water. appropriate for youth. The overall level of satisfaction.
Keywords: Water suitable filter, Training Package