European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 111 No 2
Sep, 2013

Attenuation Rate of Earthquake Intensity According to Epicenter (Case Study: Southern Part of Fars province)
Payam Hooshmand and Hamed Rajabzadeh Gatabi

The objective of seismic studies is to provide a clearer picture of vibration and seismic potential characteristics in target region in order to spend the operating costs of development and industrial projects properly. Estimating the seismic hazard in earthquake-prone areas is essential especially for important facilities because the poor and unrealistic plans can lead to the numerous human and financial damages and losses; moreover, very cautious plans with too much factors will lead to the unnecessary costs and wasted materials and labor. To investigate the attenuation of earthquake intensity in the absence of recorded ground-motion data by device, the amount of ground quake intensity is determined by the intensity scale. In the past decades, numerous empirical attenuation relations were used and some of which were well developed with distance. Using the regression method, the attenuation relationships are obtained in three parallel, perpendicular and average iso-intensity lines for earthquakes of Fars province and each of them can be applied based on the location of installations towards the fault axis.
Keywords: Earthquake, earthquake intensity, Fars, Iran, attenuation, regression

Providing Ammunition Depot Location Model using Fuzzy TOPSIS Method
Neda Amini Oskuyi, Pegah Abotorabi and Mahdiya Helali

In recent years studies in location as a key element in the success and survival in logistic system is considered.Facility Location both nationally and internationally has been highly regarded.In this regard, identification purposes and methods of solving problems of location, is of considerable importance.In this paper, selecting the optimum location ammunition using the existing indicesis provided.The model presented is based on fuzzy TOPSIS technique that main parameters, optimum location of Iran's Ministry of Defense ammunitionare selected. The resultsof Fuzzy TOPSIS method show that the location (1) in terms of the location parameters of magazine, the ideas ofexperts of the military and the fuzzy TOPSIS methodis a priority and is considered as the first option.
Keywords: Positioning, magazine, military indices, Fuzzy TOPSIS Method.

Feature Recognition of Prismatic Component for NC Code Generation
Hamid.Beiki Bondarabadi

In this paper, a new method for integrating CAD and CAPP has been presented. This method by means of object oriented technique has tried to reduce the shortage of most investigations about this subject. That is inability in recognizing interactive features. In addition it has been tried to reduce the process of searching for features recognition and simplify the related procedures.
Keywords: Feature Recognition, CNC, Rule-based, Process Planning, Evidence basedReasoning, Prismatic.

Analysis and Study of Architectural Plan in Formation of Diplomatic Buildings of Iran

Nasim Najafgholi Pour Kalantari and Shabnam Akbari namdar

The present research was done in order to study process applied in design of Iranian embassies with regard to their cultural importance. Selection of 12 diplomatic buildings registered by Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs was regarded as statistical population of this research and we used content analysis method and survey method with photo, table and plan for study of the material. Results obtained from research indicate that architecture of Iranian embassies has Iranian architectural concepts with regard to study samples and it is possible to continue the research in the contemporary projects with regard to the finding.
Keywords: Architectural design, Embassy, Iran.

Investigating the Relationship between Organizational Justice and Psychological Empowerment of Employees(Case Study: Alpha Organization)
Roghaye Hashemian, Asadollah Khadivi and Soleyman Iranzadeh

Human resources are considered as the most important, most expensive and most valuable asset of an organization. Competent human resources, creates strong organization. Capable organization is an environment in which employees in different groups will cooperate in carrying out activities. Organizational justice has been one of the most studied subjects in recent decades. It can be said that applying justice in society depends on fairness in organizations. Considering the importance and necessity of efficient and capable workforce to achieve organizational goals, this research wants to understand the extent of organizational justice and to investigate its relationship with psychological empowerment and provide useful information to alpha policy makers and decision makers and those interested in organizational behavior issues. The results show that the research independent variable predicted about 0/29 of the variance in psychological empowerment. According to obtained beta coefficients it can be said that the importance of interactional justice is 0/47. This means that this variable has greater proportion in explaining the employees’ psychological empowerment variance.
Keywords: Organizational justice, psychological empowerment of employees, regression analysis, alpha organization.

Comparison of Perfectionism and its Dimensions in Major Depressive, Obsessive-Compulsive, and Generalized Anxiety Disorders and Normal People

Ali Khoshfetrat, Mostafa Ansariyon, Seiede Elham Mousavi, Mehdi Ebadi and Somayeh Toreyhi

Perfectionism plays an important role in the individuals' resistance against the treatment.This study compares the perfectionism and its dimensions in major depressive, obsessive-compulsive, and generalized anxiety disorders and among normal people. Research plan is based on the causal-comparative type.20 patients with depression, 20 obsessive-compulsive disorder ones and 20 anxious patients are selected from the patients, who are referred to the psychology and psychiatry clinics in Tabriz, through available sampling method.To make sure of the diagnosis, Beck Depression Inventory, Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (MOCI) test and Beck Anxiety Inventory were answered by respondents.Then the new scale of Hill perfectionism was answered by respondents.Obtained data were analyzed through multivariate analysis of variance test. Results indicate that there is a significant difference between the groups of patients with depression, obsessive-compulsive disorders, generalized anxiety disorders, and normal individuals in terms of perfectionism and its dimensions.Results of this study indicate that the perfectionism thoughts have different levels and there are various levels of this type of thoughts in different disorders.
Keywords: Perfectionism, major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, Generalized Anxiety

Assessment of Seismic Probability in Cities (Case Study: Raber)
Seyyed Arash Mousavi Ghasemi, Babak Ezati Parsa and Hadi Pakro

Earthquake threat is most serious in Iran given its location on the Alps-Himalaya seismic belt. For seismic hazard analysis, this study first examined seismic properties, and data on the earthquakes occurred in the city area was radially collected and selected.Then using software, each seismic source was fitted as a seismic zone and seismic parameters, return period, and earthquake recurrence probability were calculated based on their magnitude and were assigned to faultsor seismic zones in earthquake hazard analysis. The results show that near Raber, densityand number of earthquakes has no significant differences compared to surrounding areas.
Keywords: Earthquake, probability, seismic, Raber, Kerman.

‘Urduization’ of Parent-child Communication in the Non-Urdu Speaking Families
Mamuna Ghani, Tahira Asgher, Riaz Hussain and Muhammad Asif

Urdu enjoys the status of lingua franca in Pakistan. It is Pakistan’s national and co-official language. In addition, it is the language of media in Pakistan. These and other factors seem to have brought about a change in the linguistic behavior of educated people speaking regional languages as their mother tongue. This study tries to bring to light the linguistic change through a questionnaire based survey. The findings of the study indicate that Urdu has become the language of family communication among the educated native speakers of Saraiki and Punjabi in Bahawalpur. The survey was conducted in Bahawalpur (a city in Pakistan) among married people working at different state-run institutes. 90% of the respondents in the survey speak Saraiki and Punjabi as their mother tongues. 57% of the respondents speak Urdu with their spouses. 78% of the respondents speak Urdu with their children. 94% of the respondents think that they prefer to speak Urdu at home with their children because it is the medium of instruction of education in Pakistan. The study rounds off by discussing various social and linguistic implications of this change in the linguistic behavior of the people of the southern Punjab (a province in Pakistan).
Keywords: Urduization, Change in behavior, Regional languages, Family communication, Inter-marriages.

Evaluation of the Earthquake Risk Level through Various Regions of Iran

Seyyed Arash Mousavi Ghasemi, Babak Ezati Parsa and Hadi Pakro

During the studies of researchers in 1990s, it was found that the probability of ground motion variations rate is not a constant value throughout USA, that is, the difference between earthquake probabilities of 10 percent and 2 percent in 50 years was less for west America than for other regions like central and east America. In this study, three sites located on the regions of different seismic activities were selected and then, seismic risk analyses were performed to obtain each one’s risk graph and uniform risk spectrum.The obtained risk graphs were compared to each other and their variations were investigated fordifferent probabilities. This study aims to find out if a risk level of 10-percent-in-50 years suggests a uniform seismic security range throughout the country or it is better to use the maximum risk level with a probability of 2-percent-in-50 years for preparation ofstandard design spectrum (standard 2800), just like the recent seismic regulations in US and Canada. The results of this preliminary study show the slopes of risk graphs for different cities located on the regions of various seismic activities are not equal so that the ratio of 2-percent-in-50-years earthquake to 10-percent-in-50-years earthquake equals 2.31 for Naein, while it is 2.1 and 1.82 for Tabriz and Darkhovin respectively.
Keywords: Seismic risk, Earthquake, Iran, Probability, Site

Optimum Design of Akam Felez Joints in Space Structures
Rasekhi Sahneh, A, R

Joint is a part of a space structure, which keeps members in place and transfers the forces between them. Joints, typically take into account 25-10 percent, and in a domed network, sometimes up to 50 percent of the total weight of the structure. Thus, it should always be tried to plan a joint with appropriate economic justification and behavior. In this study, a finite element model is offered to analyze the elasto - plastic joint of "Akam Felez", using ANSYS8.1 software, and by this model, the final load of joint under the impact of twin shaft loading is determined. To ensure the accuracy of the model, the results were compared with experimental results, and good agreement was observed. By combining optimization and analysis program and using “useful and acceptable directions (UFD)” optimization method, optimized diameter and thickness of joint was determined. However, this method requires a lot of time that would make it ineffective in practice. Therefore, in order to reduce the optimization time, the approximation methods called Linear Approximation (LA) method, Quadratic Approximation (QA) method, Hybrid Linear Approximation (HLA) method, and Hybrid Quadratic Approximation (HQA) method, were used. The results showed that the approximation methods of HQA, QA, HLA, LA, respectively with high precision, enjoy more time reduction.
Keywords: Space structures, Akam Felez joint, optimization, elasto - plastic analysis, approximation.

Specification and Prioritization of Effective Factors in Success of Knowledge Management System Using the Fuzzy AHP& TOPSIS Technique
Tohid Sahatimehr

The knowledge is defined as the main resource of organizations and is accounted as an asset.Since the modern world is that of the upsurge of information and knowledge; it is necessary for organizations to qualify the needed capabilities in this situation. The knowledge management is a process which enables the organization to find the useful and important information and select, organize and publish the mentioned information.The importance and priority of major success parameters can be sued as guidance for organizations to adjust and prefer the activities related to knowledge management.The researchers can also use the mentioned parameter to a better understanding of the knowledge management related issues and creation new models resulting in development of knowledge management domain. The main step is the consideration of influent parameters in knowledge management exertion and identifying the obstacles. Therefore, the key parameters of knowledge management system success have been identified using the prior studies and the viewpoints of Insurance industry elites.Then, the mentioned identified parameters are prioritized using the convolution of Analytical Hierarchy Process and phase TOPSIS.The obtained results of offered method indicate that the education and information technology parameter and re-education stand in first and second step respectively.
Keywords: The main parameter of success, knowledge management, phase environment, Analytical Hierarchy Process, phase TOPSIS

The Relationship between Organizational Climate and Job Motivation with Job Burnout in Birjand City Banks Employees
Hossein Shabani and Hadi Pourshafei

Each individual tailored to his personal life, family and culture has special values standards and perceptions. Managers' knowledge of risk factors of culture and organizational climate can have an effective role in the success and health of employees. On the other hand, the most important resource of any organization is its human resources. Among these organizations are banks. Each country to reach its economic goals requires motivated and efficient employees. In this context, the present study aims to investigate the relationship between organizational climate and job motivation, simultaneously, on job burnout of bank employees. Therefore, this population consists of employees of Birjand banks. Accordingly, by use of questionnaires and statistical assumptions, we propose a model. Then, by using regression analysis and Pierson correlation, Spearman, one way ANOVA and assumptions path analysis has been analyzed. The obtained results confirm the proposed model power.
Keywords: Job motivation, organizational climate, job burnout, banking system, Birjand

Salt Diapiric Provinces in Zagros, Iran
Mehran Arian, Faranak Feizi and Hamideh Noroozpour

Zagros has formed on northeastern part of Arabian plate. Determination of geologic situation of salt diapiric areas is the main purpose in this paper. According to age and geological setting of salt deposits that revealed by structural geology investigation and remote sensing methods, salt diapiric provinces of Zagros have been determined and separated from each other. As a result, three diapiric provinces have been revealed. Also, based on the shape and orientation investigations of salt domes, Halokinesis (internal trigger) has been predominant compared to recent tectonic processes (external trigger) in Zagros.
Keywords: Zagros, Salt domes, Diapiric province, Evaporate, Remote Sensing.

Intellectual Factors; Any Link to Organizational Performance

Fereshteh Shojaei and Manouchehr Ansari

By appearing information age and the promotion of interpersonal relationships and the manifest of strategic organizational, the intellectual capital hypothesis have had a remarkable growth and became one of the popular organizational major. Intellectual capital is a comprehensive expression including utilizing organizational knowledge in all activity. The influence of intellectual capital on physical education organization’s (PEO) performance has been assessed in current paper. Intellectual capital dimensions in this study are: human capital, structural capital and relational capital. The proposed hypotheses by applying Pearson’s correlation and regression tests have been assessed and the positive and meaningful influence on intellectual capital on organizational performance was approved that relational capital with the weight of 0.619 had the most effect on organizational performance and then structural capital variable (0.545) and human capital (0.507) were placed in next places.
Keywords: Intellectual Capital, Human Capital, Structural Capital, Relational Capital, Organizational Performance

Surveying the Influence of Spiritual Leadership on Organizational Citizenship Behavior
Hassan Mehrmanesh, Maryam Darabi and Hassan Faridi

The purpose of writing the current paper is to survey the influence of spiritual leadership on organizational citizenship behavior. To collect data library and fieldwork methods were applied. Two separated questionnaire about spiritual leadership and organizational citizenship behavior were designed and after proving their validity and reliability distributed among participants (109 employees of 9th bureau in social support organization) in Iran. The results of applying some non-parametric tests show that spiritual leadership and its dimensions have positive and meaningful influence on organizational citizenship behavior in which feedback was the most important one. Also feedback and altruism were placed in unfavorable level as Binomial test illustrates.
Keywords: Spiritual leadership, organizational citizenship behavior, human resource.