European Journal of Scientific Research

Volume 106 No 3
July, 2013

The Relationship between Reserves of Oil Endowment and Economic Growth from the Resource Curse Viewpoint: A Case Study of Iran and Selected Oil Countries
297-309
Abbas Ali Abounoori, Teymour Mohammadi and Fateme Jahangard

Abstract:
It is expected that resource-rich countries would have much economic growth; however, the recent studies indicates this may not be the case. Thus in this paper the relation between the reserves of oil endowment and economic growth is studied in oil-rich countries. For this purpose, a panel data set during the period of 1980 to 2010 for 35 countries among OPEC countries, developed countries, Middle East and North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa have been used. The reserves of oil endowment, population, the political regime, the openness and domestic per capita income are the variables which their effect on economic growth have been investigated. The results indicate a negative relationship between economic growth and the reserves of oil endowment for selected oil producing countries, OPEC countries, Middle East and North Africa countries and sub-Saharan Africa countries. Thus in these groups resource curse phenomenon is confirmed; however, in developed countries the positive and significant relationship between economic growth and the reserves of oil endowment is apparent and implies the rejection of the resource curse hypothesis in the developed countries.
Keywords: Resource curse, Economic growth, OPEC and Non-OPEC, The reserves of oil endowment, Panel data.
JEL Classification Codes:O31, Q43, P28


Hirschsprung’s Disease: Modified Soave Technique “Boley’s Technique
310-321
Ali Nayyef Assi, Muayad Abdul Khadim and Alaa Jamel Hassin

Abstract:
Objectives:- To study the presentation of Hirschsprung’s disease, evaluation of surgical management of Hirschsprung’s disease by modified soave technique “Boley’s technique “ that includes one stage, two stages and three stages procedure in our pediatric surgical center. Designs:- A prospective study of 64 cases. Results:- Sixty four patients ,the male to female ratio was 3.3:1.Sevety five percent presented with history of delay passing meconium, 73.5% has history of constipation, with 7.3% encopresis, with 10% fecal impaction, with 6.25% fecal masses and 10% presented with neonatal intestinal obstruction. Those patients had been managed as follows Group I: one stage modified soave pull through (Boley’s) nineteen patients. Nine patients (47.3%) had smooth recovary, 2 patients (10%) developed fecal fistula, four patients (20%) had recurrent enterocolities, one patient (5%) developed retraction and revision of the operation. Group II: two stages modified soave technique. Eight patients Four patients had been managed with pull through and colostomy followed by closure of colostomy. Four patients had been managed by colostomy followed later by pull thrugh and closuure of colostomy, all had smooth recovery as they are well selected. Group III: Three stages modified soave technique. Thirty one patients. Nineteen patients (61.21%) had smooth recovery, Three patients (9.4%) had recurrent enterocolities, Three patients (9.4%) had adhesive intestinal obstruction ,two patients had retraction of ganglionic colon .Four patients disappeared during the period of study ,two patient died during the study. Conclusion:- Modified soave technique “Boley’s technique “is a good procedure in the management of Hirschsprung s disease. It provides Good continence. 1. Less leak and peritonitis.2. No stricture or stenosis.3. It’s easily learned and performed by joiners surgeons. 4.Three stages technique is the safest way to avoid major complications.
Keywords: Hirschsprung s disease, Boley’s technique.


A New Solution for the Diversify of Network Access Equipment
322-325
Mortaza Mokhtari Nazarlou and Kambiz Jahangiri

Abstract:
With various carriers which transmit information arising, they further meet the needs of users. However, they also bring some new problems, such as difficulties in the data communication among devices, data inconsistencies in devices, complexes with application development, etc. This paper presents a new network structure which uses the current mature or existing technology to solve the problems caused by hardware diversity. Using the new network structure, we can reduce data redundancy and data inconsistency, making the distributed software owns a higher availability, reliability and better maintainability.
Keywords: Network structure; availability; reliability; data communication.


An Architectural Framework for IT Innovation Systems: A Case Study on IT Diffusion in Iran
326-344
Amir Mohtarami, S.H. Khodadad, Shaban Elahi, Sepehr Ghazinoori and Hadi Kandjani

Abstract:
In this paper, with a novel approach, authors are trying to develop an analysis framework to promote IT innovation system by synthesizing terminologies, reference models and theories from Enterprise Architecture discipline and Innovation System Theory. A mixed method research (Qualitative/Quantitative) has been applied to develop and empirically use of the framework. In the first step, through a qualitative method, using expert interviews, we conceptualised this framework. Then in the second step, a survey research has been conducted to explore the instititutional model of IT diffusion as a part of the framework in a given country (Iran). The results show that we may apply this framework in policy making and analysis of IT diffusion and development at the national level in forms of a framework and an institutional Model (list of institutions). It has been also shown that this framework can be an multi-faceted integrated tool by which we could extract and analyze different models on various dimension of an innovation system.
Keywords: Information Technology, Innovation System, Enterprise Architecture, Zachman Framework, Diffusion

Surveying the Influence of Emotional Intelligence on Employees’ Performance
345-352
Amir Babak Marjani, Mohammad Reza Rabiei Mondajin and Atousa Sharafi

Abstract:
The purpose of writing the current paper is to survey the influence of employees’ emotional intelligence on their performance. To measure emotional intelligence 5 dimensions includes: Consistency, General temperament, Interpersonal factors, Stress management and Intrapersonal factors. After designing two questionnaires and proving their validity and reliability, they distributed among 166 employees of Sound and Vision organization. The results of applying non-parametric tests show that emotional intelligence and its dimensions have positive and meaningful influence on performance. Among them, stress management, general temperament and interpersonal factors were selected as the most important ones. Meanwhile stress management was placed in unfavorable level against other variables. Also the results of applying Chi-Square test show that there is no relationship between emotional employees’ demographic characteristics with their performance.
Keywords :Emotional intelligence, Performance, Consistency, General temperament, Interpersonal factors, Stress management and Intrapersonal factors.

Fuzzy Inference System (FIS) and Its Application in Screening and Choosing Criteria for Supplier Selection Problem
353-364
Mohammad Ehsanifar, Abbas Toloie Eshlaghy, Mohammad Ali Keramati and Jamshid Nazemi

Abstract:
For a long time a big challenge for many organizations, is How to provide the raw materials and choosing the suppliers in supply chain. Since the performance of suppliers has a fundamental influence on success or failure of supply chain, choosing a proper supplier is identified as a strategic task. One primary step for supplier selection problem is to identify effective and related criteria. In this survey, we are going to choose the effective criteria related to Iran’s industry among the defined criteria in supplier selection by other researchers. This target can be achieved by presenting a fuzzy expert system with use of fuzzy inference system tool box in MATLAB software.
Keywords: Supplier, the criterion for supplier selection, Fuzzy inference system (FIS), MATLAB software.


Évaluation de la PCR en Temps Réel Pour la Quantification de Legionella Pneumophila dans Les Eaux Chaudes Sanitaires de Bains Maures
365-373
Abdelmoula El Ouardi, My Mustapha Ennaji, Fatima El Habib, Ouchari Lahcen and Samira Senouci

Abstract:
Legionella pneumophila est une bactérie ubiquitaire des milieux aquatiques naturels et artificiels tel que les eaux chaudes sanitaires des bains maures. Cette pathogène virulente se transmet par inhalation des aérosols contaminés. Cent soixante douze échantillons d’eaux chaudes sanitaires, ont été collectés de ces bains collectifs alimentés par des eaux de puits traitées, et ont été analysés pour la quantification de L. pneumophila par culture classique et Polymérase Chain Réaction (PCR) en temps réel. Nos résultats ont montré une contamination fréquente des bains maures par L. pneumophila (13%). Nos évaluation statistique ont révélé une corrélation relativement faible (r2 = 0,186, p < 0,01) entre les deux méthodes, alors que la sensibilité, la spécificité et les valeurs prédictives positive et négative de la méthode par PCR s’élevaient respectivement à 62, 92, 31 et 98 %. En absence de réglementation et de surveillance de la qualité de l’eau dans ces bains à popularité croissante, l’incidence de ces infections risque d’augmenter au cours des prochaines années. La détection et la quantification des légionelles par la méthode PCR permet donc une bonne maîtrise du risque sanitaire en général et en particulier dans le cadre de la responsabilité civile des exploitants.
Keywords: Bains maures, Culture classique, Eaux chaudes sanitaires, Legionella pneumophila, PCR en temps réel


Cognitive and Metacognitive Strategies of English and Communication Skills Students at an Australian-Based University in Malaysia
374-387
Fung Lan Yong

Abstract:
This study examined the cognitive and metacognitive strategies of 165 English and Communication Skills students attending an Australian-based university in Malaysia. The Cognitive and Metacognitive Strategy Use Questionnaire (CMSUQ) was administered to collect data on students’ use of cognitive and metacognitive strategies during a mid-semester test. Results showed that only a minority of the English and Communication Skills students often used cognitive and metacognitive strategies when taking the mid-semester test. Significant group differences were found on two cognitive strategy items, with engineering students obtaining higher mean scores than business students. Significant gender differences were found on three cognitive strategy items and one metacognitive strategy item, with female students obtaining higher mean scores than male students. Findings of this study were supported by previous research, which indicated that many students rarely used cognitive and metacognitive strategies to learn English. In light of the findings, implications and recommendations on the teaching and learning of English and Communication Skills were made.
Keywords: Cognitive and metacognitive strategies, English and Communication Skills, Foundation students, Malaysia


Integrated Authentication Based on CDMA Modulation for Physical Layer Security of Wireless Body Area Network
388-403
Venkatasubramanian Sivaprasatham, Jothi Venkateswaran and Hafid Taher Ba Omar

Abstract:
In this paper, to prevent physical layer attacks like jamming in Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN), we propose an authentication mechanism using the CDMA modulation technique and a secure key management technique. Initially, sensor nodes use a shared symmetric key. When a node wants to join a network, it forwards a request message protected by the message authentication code (MAC) to the intermediate control node. The intermediate control node sends the request to the master node. The master server verifies the MAC master key for the node and sends it to the intermediate control node. The encryption and decryption are done at two different levels which include the transmission level and the master server level. The proposed approach offers data confidentiality and integrity in WBANs in the data link layer and the physical layer. By simulation results, we show that the proposed approach provides more security with less delay and overhead.
Keywords: Wireless Body Area Networks, Server, Authentication, Intermediate node, Keying function, Transmission keys


The Influence of Internal and External Factors on Foreign Markets Entry Modes: Case Study of Filtisac Company
404-418
Assamoi Valerie Christian and Yabin Zhang

Abstract:
Since many local markets are almost saturated, companies are forced to seek and exploit new opportunities. The way a company ventures from their domestic market to new geographical markets remains a key point to success in international business. Selecting the right entry mode is an important decision that demands a lot of resources and thorough planning when selecting entry mode, a wide range of internal and external factors must be taken into consideration before making the final decision. The purpose of this paper is to examine and discuss the impact of internal and external factors on firm’s choice of foreign market entry mode strategies. In order to reach the purpose of this paper the research question regarding how can internal and external factors influence the selection of foreign market entry mode was developed. A literature review led to the construction of a conceptual framework which in turn became the basic of data collection also based on the theory discussed in the paper, a case study has been conducted on FILTISAC Company in Ivory-Coast. Our findings show the clear link between what existing theories claim to be the internal and external factors influencing FILTISAC’s market entry mode choice.
Keywords: Foreign Market, Market Entry Modes, Internal and External Factors, FILTISAC.


Operations Management in Commercial Branch Banking: Developing and Proposing an Updated Theoretical Quality Management Perspective
419-424
Hummayoun Naeem

Abstract:
The main objective of this theoretical paper is to signify quality management principles and their application to branch Banking operations. There is an identified gap in the body of knowledge indicating that the researchers have hardly deliberated on the branch banking operations especially with reference to the application of quality management principles. After a thorough and extensive literature survey, the researcher identified various quality management principles. Later, all main branch operations were enlisted. The identified principles were used in the improvement of various banking operations. The developed approach appears to be highly significant as it is a theoretical contribution to the body of knowledge. At the same time, the said perspective carries numerous applied aspects to be used by the commercial banks to improve the operational efficiency.
Keywords: Operations Management, Commercial Branch Banking, Developing and Proposing a Theoretical Quality Management Perspective.


A New Algorithm for Data-Transfer Congestion of DSR Protocol in Ad-Hoc Networks
425-433
Monire Norouzi, Alireza Souri and Mohammad Ali Jabraeil Jamali

Abstract:
Today, Ad-Hoc networks have important role in procedure of communications and technology. Before security section, one of the important section Ad-Hoc networks is data transfer section. By Increasing users and massive volume of information causes traffic of data transferring in many network systems. As DSR protocol has more importance in Ad-Hoc, in this paper we consider a network with multi-path in DSR protocol. By presenting one new algorithm, we can find a node on which traffic of data transferring occurs. Then, by presenting a new solution we prevent from traffic of data transferring in the paths of network. By these works, network will not have any problem with data transferring and data will arrives to its destination safely.
Keywords: Wireless network, DSR, data transfer, traffic of data, UPPAAL model checker.


Management Control Systems as Technologies of Change in Public Sector Organisations in Ghana
434-450
John Poku, Godfred M. Aawaar, Mathew Tsamenyi and John Cullen

Abstract:
This paper sought to explain how and why Management Controls Systems (MCS) change in response to public sector reforms. The study employed a case study research strategy using Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), a large public sector institution in Ghana. Drawing on Actor Network Theory, and in particular Latour’s sociology of translation, the paper argues that MCS change emerged not out of clear information of positive economic outcomes but out of an uncertain faith, promoted by expert generated technologies and rhetorical strategies which was able to tie together shifting interests in an actor network. The paper shows that MCS act as important levers used by the Institution to manage new changes in their system. It was also found that in situations of strategic change, control systems are changed and used by top managers to formalise beliefs, set boundaries on acceptable strategic behaviour, and define and measure critical performance variables. The paper concludes that the changes in the organisation were caused by heterogeneous actors: human and non human.
Keywords: Management Control System, Technologies of Change, Public Organisations, Actor Network Theory.


Preventive Maintenance Scheduling for Production Facilities at Kertajaya Palm Oil Mill
451-458
Ina Siti Hasanah, Machfud, Sukardi and Hambali Erliza

Abstract:
Maintenance is an important issue that considered, especially in the agroindustry company. This paper identifies rank the most critical part in production palm oil using FMEA, and maintenance schedule by using reliability level of 90% and 75% in the preventive maintenance. The first identified part is screw worm which performed preventive maintenance every 744 hours. The second part is the v-belt threshers drum which scheduled to run each 1.062 hours and the third part is the v-belt separator, a preventive maintenance each 968 hours. The total cost for preventing maintenance with 75% reliability is less than that of preventing maintenance with 90% level of reliability. By implementing preventive maintenance the company can save up to 18,3% of the total cost.
Keywords: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, scheduling.


Reusability of Digital Circuits using IEEE1149.1 Boundary Scan Device
459-470
B.K.V. Prasad, P. SatishKumar, B.S. Charles and T. Madhu

Abstract:
Re-configurability and reusability of Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) plays an important role in reducing the on-chip testing hardware relative to Application Specific Integrated-Circuits (ASICs). Testing is done on memory components, flip-flops, adders and subtractions using IEEE1149.1 Boundary Scan Device (BSD) kit. Testing of the complete interconnect structure is done for all the possible Stuck-at-faults. Reusability is also done for the faulty cores. The BSD kit helps to improve the performance reliability and efficiency of digital circuits.
Keywords: Digital Circuits, IEEE 1149.1 BSD Kit, Stuck-at-Faults, FPGA.